David J Shealy

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Two tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists infliximab (a chimeric monoclonal antibody) and etanercept (a p75 TNF receptor/Fc fusion protein) have been approved for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. However, these agents have shown different degrees of clinical benefit in controlled clinical trials in other TNF-mediated diseases such as Crohn's disease(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of human diseases including septic shock, cachexia, graft-versus-host disease and several autoimmune diseases. Monoclonal antibodies directed against TNF provide an attractive mode of therapeutic intervention in these diseases. We have generated a murine monoclonal(More)
The pleiotropic cytokine tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is thought to play a central role in infectious, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Critical to the understanding and management of TNF-associated pathology is the development of highly specific agents capable of modifying TNF activity. We evaluated the ability of a high affinity mouse/human(More)
We prepared and characterized golimumab (CNTO148), a human IgG1 tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) antagonist monoclonal antibody chosen for clinical development based on its molecular properties. Golimumab was compared with infliximab, adalimumab and etanercept for affinity and in vitro TNFα neutralization. The affinity of golimumab for soluble human TNFα,(More)
Interleukin-6 is a multifunctional cytokine that is critical for T/B-cell differentiation and maturation, immunoglobulin secretion, acute-phase protein production, and macrophage/monocyte functions. Extensive research into the biology of IL-6 has implicated IL-6 in the pathophysiology and pathogenesis of RA. An anti-murine IL-6 mAb that neutralizes mouse(More)
Monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy was first established upon the approval of a mouse antibody for treatment of human acute organ rejection. However, the high incidence of immune response against the mouse mAb restricted therapeutic utility. Development of chimeric, "humanized" and human mAbs broadened therapeutic application to immune-mediated diseases(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was originally considered to have activity against malignant disease. However, recent studies suggest TNF-alpha may also act as an endogenous tumor promoter. In the present work, mice deficient in TNF-alpha either genetically (TNF-alpha(-/-)) or after blockade with a neutralizing antibody(More)
Monoclonal antibody 59D8 developed by Hui et al., binds to fibrin but not fibrinogen. An 111In-labeled Fab fragment of 59D8 was studied in vitro and in animal models to evaluate its potential for imaging thrombi and emboli in man. Rabbits and dogs were used as models for studying thrombus uptake in vivo. Thrombi and emboli up to 4 days old were successfully(More)
Inflammation is associated with blood vessel and lymphatic vessel proliferation and remodeling. The microvasculature of the mouse trachea provides an ideal opportunity to study this process, as Mycoplasma pulmonis infection of mouse airways induces widespread and sustained vessel remodeling, including enlargement of capillaries into venules and(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) with anti-tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) decreases intestinal inflammation, but the effect on fibrosis remains unclear. We hypothesized that treatment with rat-specific anti-TNFα will decrease the development of intestinal fibrosis in a rat model of CD. We further hypothesized that magnetization transfer magnetic(More)