David J . Sessa

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The role of non-covalent interactions in the formation of visco-elastic material from zein was investigated. Hydrophobic interactions were evaluated through the addition of various salts from the Hofmeister series. Urea, ethanol, and beta mercaptoethanol (β-ME) were used to evaluate the effects of protein denaturation and disulfide bonds on zein's ability(More)
Zein, the predominant protein in corn, may be used as an alternative to various commercial plastics. Plastics produced from zein tend to be brittle, so plasticizers such as triethylene glycol (TEG) and water were used in this study to alleviate brittleness. When zein is blended with water and subjected to heat and shear in a torque rheometer, zein readily(More)
Rheological studies were carried out on solutions of zein in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), where the specific lot of zein, concentration, time, and temperature were varied. DMF is a good solvent for zein, giving clear, relatively low viscosity solutions. It was found that all of the zein solutions behaved in a non-Newtonian fashion. At high concentration and(More)
Bitter-tasting phosphatidylcholines from hexane-defatted soybean flakes were chromatographically separable from ordinary soy phosphatidylcholines (SPC). The bitter-tasting SPC contain 32% oxygenated fatty acids in addition to palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids. Identification of these oxygenated acids was based on infrared, ultraviolet,(More)
A variety of published physical measurements, computational algorithms, and structural modeling methods have been used to create a molecular model of 19 kDa alpha-zein (Z19). Zetaeins are water-insoluble storage proteins found in corn protein bodies. Analyses of the protein sequence using probability algorithms, structural studies by circular dichroism,(More)
The Freundlich model was evaluated for use to assess the effect of heat on the adsorption capacity of an activated carbon for decolorizing/deodorizing corn zein. Because zein protein and its color/odor components are all adsorbed by activated carbon, a method to monitor their removal was needed. Yellow color is due to xanthophylls; a contributor to off-odor(More)
Static and dynamic light scattering techniques were used to study the solution properties of corn amylose in N,N-dimethylacetamide with 3% (w/v) LiCl. Static properties show three distinguishable regions, which are designated as the dilute, the semidilute, and the concentrated regimes. The concentrations at which these transitions occur are designated as(More)
Corn zein was cross-linked with glutaraldehyde (GDA) using glacial acetic acid (HAc) as catalyst. The objectives are to evaluate the swelling characteristics of GDA cross-linked zein gels in water, ethanol, and their combinations. Similar formulations, upon solvent evaporation, form films. The mechanical properties of the films are compared to compression(More)