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How s h o uld a monopolist price a durable good or a new technology that is subject to network externalities? In particular, should the monopolist set a low \ i n troductory price" to attract a \critical m a ss" of adopters? In this paper, we p r o vide intuition as to when and why introductory pricing might occur in the presence of network externali-ties.(More)
A recombinant soluble form of the mouse membrane complement inhibitor Crry (complement receptor-related gene y) fused to IgG1 hinge, CH2, and CH3 domains has been created and designated Crry-Ig. Crry has been used because, similar to human soluble CR1, it demonstrates decay-accelerating activity for both the classical and alternative pathways of complement(More)
The involvement of chemokines in inflammation is well established, but their functional role in disease progression, and particularly in the development of fibrosis, is not yet understood. To investigate the functional role that the chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and RANTES play in inflammation and the progression to fibrosis during(More)
During the development of nephrotoxic nephritis (NTN) in the mouse, we find that a variety of chemokines and chemokine receptors are induced: CCR1 (RANTES, MIP-1alpha), CCR2 (MCP-1), CCR5 (RANTES, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta), CXCR2 (MIP-2), and CXCR3 (IP-10). Their timing of expression indicated that CXCR2 and CCR1 are probably important in the(More)
Nephrin is an Ig-like transmembrane protein. It is a major component of the podocyte slit diaphragm and is essential for maintaining normal glomerular permeability. CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is also necessary for normal glomerular permeability and is a putative nephrin adapter molecule. Here, we document that nephrin and CD2AP are linked to the actin(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of complement in the pathophysiology of renal disease is still being appreciated. To further address the role of this mediator system, we evaluated the influence of absolute deficiency of C3 and C4 on acute nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NSN). METHODS Selective 'knockout' of C3 and C4 was routinely confirmed in null mice by ELISA.(More)
To explore the mechanism of glomerular permselectivity defect in passive Heymann nephritis, an experimental model of human membranous glomerulopathy, Munich-Wistar rats were subjected to both micropuncture assessment of glomerular hemodynamics and whole kidney clearance measurements of graded size dextrans 10 days after injection of sheep anti-rat tubular(More)
Patients with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) share histopathological characteristics that are similar across affected organs. The finding of infiltration with IgG4+ plasma cells in the proper clinical and histopathological contexts connects a large number of clinical entities that were viewed previously as separate conditions. The renal involvement in(More)
Robo2 is the cell surface receptor for the repulsive guidance cue Slit and is involved in axon guidance and neuronal migration. Nephrin is a podocyte slit-diaphragm protein that functions in the kidney glomerular filtration barrier. Here, we report that Robo2 is expressed at the basal surface of mouse podocytes and colocalizes with nephrin. Biochemical(More)