David J.R. Cross

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The role of lignin as a physical defence against Dendroctonus micans was investigated in laboratory feeding experiments. The effect of lignin is dose-dependent, reducing larval survival, growth rate, and weight, as well as affecting gallery construction. Adults lay fewer eggs in lignified bark and also tend to construct abnormal galleries. The distribution(More)
Florivory, or damage to flowers by herbivores, can make flowers less attractive to pollinators, potentially resulting in reduced plant fitness. However, not many studies have combined observations with experiments to assess the causal link between florivory and pollination. We conducted field observations at eight sites in northern California, combined with(More)
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