David J O'regan

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RATIONALE Orai1 and the associated calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel were discovered in the immune system. Existence also in endothelial cells has been suggested, but the relevance to endothelial biology is mostly unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of Orai1 and CRAC channels to vascular endothelial(More)
RATIONALE Transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM)3 is a calcium-permeable ion channel activated by the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate and positively coupled to insulin secretion in beta cells. Although vascular TRPM3 mRNA has been reported, there is no knowledge of TRPM3 protein or its regulation and function in the cardiovascular system. (More)
Increased matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression is associated with intimal hyperplasia in saphenous vein (SV) bypass grafts. Recent evidence suggests that HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) can prevent the progression of vein graft failure. Here we investigated whether statins inhibited MMP-9 secretion from cultured human SV smooth muscle cells(More)
Cardiac myofibroblasts (CMF) play a key role in infarct repair and scar formation following myocardial infarction (MI) and are also an important source of proinflammatory cytokines. We postulated that interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha), a potential early trigger of acute inflammation post-MI, could stimulate human CMF to express additional proinflammatory(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) elicits catabolic effects on the myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) early after myocardial infarction but there is little understanding of its direct effects on cardiac myofibroblasts (CMF), or the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). We used a focused RT-PCR microarray to investigate the(More)
Low birth weight in humans is predictive of hypertension in adult life. Although the mechanisms underlying this link remain unknown, fetal overexposure to glucocorticoids has been implicated. We previously showed that prenatal dexamethasone (DEX) exposure in the rat lowers birth weight and programmes adult hypertension. The current study aimed to further(More)
OBJECTIVE In addition to direct effects on myocardial cell function, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) contributes to adverse cardiac remodeling by increasing production of other pro-inflammatory cytokines [e.g. interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6]. Both statins and thiazolidinediones (TZDs) have beneficial effects on cardiac remodeling, possibly due to their(More)
RATIONALE Calcium entry is pivotal in the heart and blood vessels, but its significance and mechanisms in adipose tissue are largely unknown. An important factor produced by adipocytes is adiponectin, which confers myocardial protection, insulin-sensitization, and antiatherosclerotic effects. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relevance of calcium channels to(More)
Clinical observation led us to believe that aprotinin fails to preserve haemostatic function in patients undergoing deep hypothermic perfusion with or without circulatory arrest. A retrospective study was made of blood loss in 80 consecutive acute Type A dissection patients before and during the aprotinin era (1987-1992). After 1988 all patients were cooled(More)
Statins can reduce adverse myocardial remodeling independently of their cholesterol-lowering ability. We have previously reported that simvastatin inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-induced cardiac myofibroblast invasion and MMP-9 secretion, key events in this remodeling process. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms(More)