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RATIONALE Orai1 and the associated calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel were discovered in the immune system. Existence also in endothelial cells has been suggested, but the relevance to endothelial biology is mostly unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of Orai1 and CRAC channels to vascular endothelial(More)
RATIONALE Transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM)3 is a calcium-permeable ion channel activated by the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate and positively coupled to insulin secretion in beta cells. Although vascular TRPM3 mRNA has been reported, there is no knowledge of TRPM3 protein or its regulation and function in the cardiovascular system. (More)
Increased matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression is associated with intimal hyperplasia in saphenous vein (SV) bypass grafts. Recent evidence suggests that HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) can prevent the progression of vein graft failure. Here we investigated whether statins inhibited MMP-9 secretion from cultured human SV smooth muscle cells(More)
Glucocorticoid overexposure in utero may underlie the association between low birth weight and subsequent development of common cardiovascular and metabolic pathologies. Previously, we have shown that prenatal dexamethasone (DEX) exposure in rat reduces birth weight and programs the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia in(More)
Error in health services delivery has long been recognised as a significant cause of inpatient morbidity and mortality. Root-cause analyses have cited communication failure as one of the contributing factors in adverse events. The formalised fighter pilot mission brief and debrief formed the basis of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)(More)
Low birth weight in humans is predictive of hypertension in adult life. Although the mechanisms underlying this link remain unknown, fetal overexposure to glucocorticoids has been implicated. We previously showed that prenatal dexamethasone (DEX) exposure in the rat lowers birth weight and programmes adult hypertension. The current study aimed to further(More)
Clinical observation led us to believe that aprotinin fails to preserve haemostatic function in patients undergoing deep hypothermic perfusion with or without circulatory arrest. A retrospective study was made of blood loss in 80 consecutive acute Type A dissection patients before and during the aprotinin era (1987-1992). After 1988 all patients were cooled(More)
OBJECTIVE Adverse atrial and ventricular myocardial remodeling is characterized by fibrosis, myocyte death or hypertrophy and fibroblast proliferation. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely prescribed cholesterol-lowering drugs that also appear to have beneficial effects on myocardial remodeling. Although statins are known to reduce myocyte(More)
Objective: In addition to direct effects on myocardial cell function, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) contributes to adverse cardiac remodeling by increasing production of other pro-inflammatory cytokines [e.g. interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6]. Both statins and thiazolidinediones (TZDs) have beneficial effects on cardiac remodeling, possibly due to their(More)
Individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at increased risk of saphenous vein (SV) graft stenosis following coronary artery bypass. Graft stenosis is caused by intimal hyperplasia, a pathology characterized by smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration. We hypothesized that SV-SMC from T2DM patients were intrinsically more proliferative(More)