David J. O’Regan

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Glucocorticoid overexposure in utero may underlie the association between low birth weight and subsequent development of common cardiovascular and metabolic pathologies. Previously, we have shown that prenatal dexamethasone (DEX) exposure in rat reduces birth weight and programs the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia in(More)
Transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5) forms cationic channels that are polymodal sensors of factors including oxidized phospholipids, hydrogen peroxide, and reduced thioredoxin. The aim of this study was to expand knowledge of the chemical-sensing capabilities of TRPC5 by investigating dietary antioxidants. Human TRPC5 channels were expressed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Adverse atrial and ventricular myocardial remodeling is characterized by fibrosis, myocyte death or hypertrophy and fibroblast proliferation. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely prescribed cholesterol-lowering drugs that also appear to have beneficial effects on myocardial remodeling. Although statins are known to reduce myocyte(More)
Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 3 (TRPM3) is a widely expressed calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel that is stimulated by high concentrations of nifedipine or by physiological steroids that include pregnenolone sulphate. Here we sought to identify steroids that inhibit TRPM3. Channel activity was studied using calcium-measurement and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Sigma-1 receptor (Sig1R) impacts on calcium ion signalling and has a plethora of ligands. This study investigated Sig1R and its ligands in relation to endogenous calcium events of endothelial cells and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Intracellular calcium and patch clamp measurements were made(More)
The effects of clorgyline were compared with the effects of (-)-deprenyl using measures of rewarding hypothalamic self-stimulation, regional monoamine metabolism and monoamine oxidase activity. Male Wistar rats trained to self-stimulate at half-maximal rates with unilateral bipolar lateral hypothalamic electrodes on a continuous reinforcement schedule were(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play key roles in the development of intimal hyperplasia in saphenous vein (SV) bypass grafts. In diabetic patients, insulin administration controls hyperglycaemia but cardiovascular complications remain. Insulin is synthesised as a pro-peptide, from which C-peptide is cleaved and(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) elicits catabolic effects on the myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) early after myocardial infarction but there is little understanding of its direct effects on cardiac myofibroblasts (CMF), or the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). We used a focused RT-PCR microarray to investigate the(More)
Low birth weight in humans is predictive of hypertension in adult life. Although the mechanisms underlying this link remain unknown, fetal overexposure to glucocorticoids has been implicated. We previously showed that prenatal dexamethasone (DEX) exposure in the rat lowers birth weight and programmes adult hypertension. The current study aimed to further(More)
Acupuncture has become a popular complementary treatment in oncology, particularly as patients seek non-pharmacological alternatives to provide symptom control. A considerable body of evidence suggests that acupuncture modulates neurological processes to bring about its effects. This basic research is supported by an increasing number of positive clinical(More)