David J. O'Regan

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Transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5) forms cationic channels that are polymodal sensors of factors including oxidized phospholipids, hydrogen peroxide, and reduced thioredoxin. The aim of this study was to expand knowledge of the chemical-sensing capabilities of TRPC5 by investigating dietary antioxidants. Human TRPC5 channels were expressed in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Sigma-1 receptor (Sig1R) impacts on calcium ion signalling and has a plethora of ligands. This study investigated Sig1R and its ligands in relation to endogenous calcium events of endothelial cells and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Intracellular calcium and patch clamp measurements were made(More)
OBJECTIVE Adverse atrial and ventricular myocardial remodeling is characterized by fibrosis, myocyte death or hypertrophy and fibroblast proliferation. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely prescribed cholesterol-lowering drugs that also appear to have beneficial effects on myocardial remodeling. Although statins are known to reduce myocyte(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) elicits catabolic effects on the myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) early after myocardial infarction but there is little understanding of its direct effects on cardiac myofibroblasts (CMF), or the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). We used a focused RT-PCR microarray to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim was to advance the understanding of Orai proteins and identify a specific inhibitor of the associated calcium entry mechanism in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Proliferating VSMCs were cultured from human saphenous veins. Intracellular calcium was measured using fura-2, whole-cell current was(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) confers increased risk of endothelial dysfunction, coronary heart disease, and vulnerability to vein graft failure after bypass grafting, despite glycaemic control. This study explored the concept that endothelial cells (EC) cultured from T2DM and nondiabetic (ND) patients are phenotypically and functionally distinct. Cultured human(More)
Cardiac myofibroblasts are pivotal to adaptive remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). These normally quiescent cells invade and proliferate as a wound healing response, facilitated by activation of matrix metalloproteinases, particularly MMP-2. Following MI these reparative events occur under chronically hypoxic conditions yet the mechanisms by which(More)
INTRODUCTION Over the past two centuries the surgical profession has undergone a profound evolution in terms of efficiency and outcomes. Societal concerns in relation to quality assurance, patient safety and cost reduction have highlighted the issue of training expert surgeons. The core elements of a training model build on the basic foundations of gross(More)
A 54 years old male with undiagnosed chronic calcific degenerative aortic valve incompetence presented with acute left anterior chordae tendinae rupture resulting in severe left heart failure and cardiogenic shock. He was successfully treated with emergency double valve replacement using mechanical valves. The pathogenesis of acute rupture of the anterior(More)
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