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We demonstrate that the inclusion of the helicity flux in the magnetic helicity balance in the nonlinear stage of galac-tic dynamo action results in a radical change in the magnetic field dynamics. The equilibrium value of the large-scale magnetic field is then approximately the equipartition level. This is in contrast to the situation without the flux of(More)
We present the first demonstration of all optical wavelength conversion in chalcogenide glass fiber including system penalty measurements at 10 Gb/s. Our device is based on As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber which has the highest Kerr nonlinearity (n(2)) of any fiber to date for which either advanced all optical signal processing functions or system penalty(More)
  • Andrew Tworkowski, Reza Tavakol1y, Axel Brandenburg2z, John Brooke34x, David Moss, Ilkka Tuominen5k
  • 1998
Axisymmetric mean eld dynamo models in spherical shells are shown to be capable of producing temporally intermittent behaviour. This is of potential importance since (i) it is, as far as we are aware, the rst time such a behaviour has been produced internally by a mean eld dynamo model in a spherical shell, without requiring any additional assumptions or(More)
We discuss current observational and theoretical knowledge of magnetic fields, especially the large-scale structure in the disks and halos of spiral galaxies. Among other topics, we consider the enhancement of global magnetic fields in the interarm regions, magnetic spiral arms, and representations as superpositions of azimuthal modes, emphasizing a number(More)
We classify British butterflies using 136 non-biotope associated binary state ecological attributes describing all stages of butterfly life-cycles. Using cluster analysis we identify two groups of woodland species, a group occurring in tall open grassland, another group associated with short sward herb-rich grassland, and a ruderal group. Principal(More)
We demonstrate supercontinuum (SC) generation at both 1550 nm and 1288 nm in a compact (< 5mm(2)) 45 cm spiral waveguide composed of CMOS-compatible doped high-index glass. While both wavelengths have weak dispersion and are near zero dispersion points, they present different symmetries. At 1550 nm, the normal dispersion regime takes place at longer(More)
We demonstrate efficient self phase modulation, as well as negligible nonlinear absorption, in low loss (<0.06 dB/cm), high index silica glass-based waveguides. Using approximately 1 ps pulses near 1560 nm we achieve a 1.5pi nonlinear phase shift in an integrated 45 cm long spiral waveguide with <60 W of peak input power, corresponding to a large(More)
We propose a novel concept for creating high-Q cavities in photonic crystal slabs (PCSs) composed of photosensitive material. To date, high-Q cavities have been realized through the use of double heterostructures where the lattice geometry is altered via nanolithography. Here, we show that selective postexposure to light of a uniform PCS composed of(More)
We demonstrate all-optical wavelength conversion in a 5 cm As(2)S(3) chalcogenide glass rib waveguide with 5.4 ps pulses over a wavelength range of 10 nm near 1550 nm. We present frequency resolved optical gating (FROG) measurements that show good converted pulse integrity in terms of amplitude and phase in the frequency and time domains. The short(More)
Context. Magnetic fields in nearby, star-forming galaxies reveal large-scale patterns, as predicted by dynamo models, but also a variety of small-scale structures. In particular, a large-scale field reversal may exist in the Milky Way while no such reversals have been observed so far in external galaxies. Aims. The effects of star-forming regions in(More)