David J. McAdoo

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"Free Zn2+" (rapidly exchangeable Zn2+) is stored along with glutamate in the presynaptic terminals of specific specialized (gluzinergic) cerebrocortical neurons. This synaptically releasable Zn2+ has been recognized as a potent modulator of glutamatergic transmission and as a key toxin in excitotoxic neuronal injury. Surprisingly (despite abundant work on(More)
The release of glutamate, aspartate, glutamine and asparagine upon impact injury to the rat spinal cord was characterized by sample collection from the site of injury by microdialysis. Injury caused dramatic and long-lasting increases in the concentrations of the excitatory amino acids. Determination of the relationship between unperturbed extracellular(More)
One of the consequences of cytokine-orchestrated inflammation after CNS trauma is apoptosis. Our hypothesis is that cell death in the spinal cord after injury results in part from increased synthesis and release of IL-1beta. Using a ribonuclease protection assay, we demonstrated that there is increased transient expression of IL-1beta mRNA and, by using(More)
Stimulation in the nucleus raphe magnus (NRM) inhibits transmission of nociceptive information within the spinal cord through activation of bulbospinal pathways. This study used microdialysis in combination with high pressure liquid chromatography to measure the release of serotonin (5HT) and several amino acids, including glutamate, aspartate and glycine,(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in abnormal locomotor and pain syndromes in humans. T13 spinal hemisection in the rat results in development of permanent mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia partially due to interruption of descending inhibitory modulators such as serotonin (5-HT). We hypothesize that lumbar transplantation of nonmitotic cells(More)
Rats given moderate spinal cord injury (SCI) display increases in the expression of the activated form of the transcription factor cyclic AMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) in spinal segments of dermatomes corresponding to permanent mechanical allodynia, a model of chronic central neuropathic pain (CNP; (Crown, E.D., Ye, Z., Johnson, K.M., Xu,(More)
Release of amino acids, particularly the neurotoxin glutamate, in and around the site of an experimental spinal cord injury was characterized over time by microdialysis. Increases in amino acid concentrations caused by injury decline steeply and then slowly over distance from the impact area, becoming undetectable beyond about 5 mm from the injury(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) shifts the phase of the circadian rhythm in the eye of Aplysia. We have examined the role of cAMP in mediating the effects of 5-HT on the rhythm. The phase shifts produced by 5-HT are mimicked by treatments that should increase intracellular levels of cAMP. An analogue of cAMP-8-benzylthio-cAMP, advanced and delayed the(More)
Grafted human neural stem cells (hNSCs) may help to alleviate functional deficits resulting from spinal cord injury by bridging gaps, replacing lost neurons or oligodendrocytes, and providing neurotrophic factors. Previously, we showed that primed hNSCs differentiated into cholinergic neurons in an intact spinal cord. In this study, we tested the fate of(More)
Damage caused by administering glutamate into the spinal cord was characterized histologically. Glutamate destroyed neurons for several hundred micrometers around the administering microdialysis fiber. At 24 h after treatment, significant (P = 0.036) loss of neurons was observed (75%) relative to control (47%) near the fiber when glutamate was administered(More)