David J. McAdoo

Claire E Hulsebosch7
Guo-Ying Xu6
Zaiming Ye4
Kathia M Johnson4
7Claire E Hulsebosch
6Guo-Ying Xu
4Zaiming Ye
4Kathia M Johnson
Learn More
Grafted human neural stem cells (hNSCs) may help to alleviate functional deficits resulting from spinal cord injury by bridging gaps, replacing lost neurons or oligodendrocytes, and providing neurotrophic factors. Previously, we showed that primed hNSCs differentiated into cholinergic neurons in an intact spinal cord. In this study, we tested the fate of(More)
We investigated in vivo in rats whether sufficient glutamate is released following spinal cord injury (SCI) to kill oligodendrocytes. Microdialysis sampling was used to establish the level of glutamate released (550 +/- 80 microM) in the white matter during SCI. This glutamate concentration was administered into the spinal cords of other rats and the(More)
Central neuropathic pain (CNP) is an important problem following spinal cord injury (SCI), because it severely affects the quality of life of SCI patients. As in the patient population, the majority of rats develop significant allodynia (CNP rats) after moderate SCI. However, about 10% of SCI rats do not develop allodynia, or develop significantly less(More)
  • Song Liu, Guo-Ying Xu, Kathia M Johnson, Clement Echetebu, Zaiming Sam Ye, Claire E Hulsebosch +1 other
  • 2008
Elevation of extracellular glutamate contributes to cell death and functional impairments generated by spinal cord injury (SCI), in part through the activation of the neurotoxic cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). This study examines the participation of IL-1beta and its regulation by the endogenous interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in glutamate(More)
Glutamate is a major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian CNS. After its release, specific transporter proteins rapidly remove extracellular glutamate from the synaptic cleft. The clearance of excess extracellular glutamate prevents accumulation under normal conditions; however, CNS injury elevates extracellular glutamate concentrations to(More)
In vivo experiments addressing the role of released glutamate in damage caused by neurotrauma seldom administer glutamate itself because it usually produces relatively little damage when administered into central nervous system (CNS) tissue in vivo. However, because of recent observations that glutamate administered into the spinal cord at the levels(More)
  • Eric D Crown, Young S Gwak, Zaiming Ye, Huai Yu Tan, Kathia M Johnson, Guo-Ying Xu +2 others
  • 2012
Chronic central neuropathic pain after central nervous system injuries remains refractory to therapeutic interventions. A novel approach would be to target key intracellular signaling proteins that are known to contribute to continued activation by phosphorylation of kinases, transcription factors, and/or receptors that contribute to changes in membrane(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) insults elevate endogenous toxins and alter levels of indicators of metabolic disorder. These contribute to neurotrauma, neurodegenerative diseases and chronic pain and are possible targets for pharmaceutical treatment. Microdialysis samples substances in the extracellular space for chemical analysis. It has demonstrated that(More)
Increased release of substance P (SP) from the dorsal horn following noxious stimuli, such as spinal administration of capsaicin, has been demonstrated in previous studies. However, changes in the release of SP in response to intradermal injection of capsaicin still remain unknown. This study was designed to demonstrate in vivo spinal SP release following(More)