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Cell transplantation is one way of limiting the progress of retinal degeneration in animal models of blinding diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here we transplanted a human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell line into the subretinal space of one such model, the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat, and(More)
Royal College of Surgeons rats are genetically predisposed to undergo significant visual loss caused by a primary dysfunction of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. By using this model, we have examined the efficacy of subretinal transplantation of two independent human RPE cell lines each exhibiting genetic modifications that confer long-term stability(More)
It has been shown that photoreceptor degeneration can be limited in experimental animals by transplantation of fresh RPE to the subretinal space. There is also evidence that retinal cell transplants can be used to reconstruct retinal circuitry in dystrophic animals. Here we describe and review recent developments that highlight the necessary steps that(More)
PURPOSE To examine whether congenic Schwann cells grafted into the subretinal space of dystrophic Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats can prevent photoreceptor loss and maintain visual function. METHODS Purified neonatal Schwann cells derived from congenic rats were grafted into the subretinal space of 3- to 4-week-old dystrophic RCS rats. Graft(More)
The dystrophic RCS rat undergoes progressive photoreceptor degeneration due to a primary defect in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. This has a major impact on central visual responsiveness. Here we have examined how functional deterioration is contained by subretinal transplantation of immortalized human RPE cells. Transplantation was done at three(More)
PURPOSE To assess the capacity of a retrovirus-engineered Schwann cell line (SCTM41), transfected with either a glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) construct or a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) construct, to sustain visual function in the dystrophic Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat. METHODS Cell suspensions were injected into(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the extent of cortical functional preservation following retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) transplantation in the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat using single-wavelength optical imaging and spectroscopy. The cortical responses to visual stimulation in transplanted rats at 6 months post-transplantation were compared(More)
The fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus, is able to absorb large amounts of glucose in very short periods of time. This ability is partly reflected by the structure of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. The aim of this study was to confirm preliminary histochemical studies of the bat pancreas and to identify and quantitate endocrine cells by(More)
Growing evidence suggests that glial cells may have a role as neural precursors in the adult central nervous system. Although it has been shown that Müller cells exhibit progenitor characteristics in the postnatal chick and rat retinae, their progenitor-like role in developed human retina is unknown. We first reported the Müller glial characteristics of the(More)
There is currently no real treatment for blinding disorders that stem from the degeneration of cells in the retina and affect at least 50 million individuals worldwide. The excitement that accompanied the first studies showing the potential of retinal cell transplantation to alleviate the progress of blindness in such diseases as retinitis pigmentosa and(More)