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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the therapeutic effects of selective cholinergic replacement with xanomeline tartrate, an m1 and m4 selective muscarinic receptor (mAChR) agonist in patients with probable Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN A 6-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial followed by a 1-month, single-blind, placebo washout.(More)
Ears are an emergent biometric accruing application advantages including no requirement for subject contact and acquisition without demand. To recognize a subject's ear, we aim to extract a characteristic vector from a human ear image that may subsequently be used to identify or confirm the identity of the owner. Towards this end, a novel force field(More)
UNLABELLED Ginger has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects in rodents, but its effect on human muscle pain is uncertain. Heat treatment of ginger has been suggested to enhance its hypoalgesic effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 11 days of raw (study 1) and heat-treated (study 2) ginger supplementation on muscle pain.(More)
Mallard ducklings were fed diets containing corn naturally contaminated with mixed aflatoxins, purified T-2 toxin, or no detectable mycotoxin in two trials. The aflatoxin level used was 12 ppb in the first trial and 33 ppb in the second. T-2 was added at 2 ppm in both trials. No pathology was associated with the aflatoxin used in this study, and(More)
Staphylococcus aureus remains a major mastitis-causing pathogen in growing dairy heifers, resulting in damage to developing milk secretory tissue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of horn flies as vectors in the spread of S. aureus among dairy heifers immunized with a S. aureus bacterin. We analyzed the prevalence of mastitis among(More)
BACKGROUND Lactoferrin is a colostral glycoprotein with antimicrobial properties. HYPOTHESES (1) Serum lactoferrin and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations are correlated and increase in healthy foals after ingestion of colostrum; (2) compared to healthy foals, ill foals will have lower lactoferrin concentrations that correlate with their IgG(More)
Administration of black walnut heartwood extract (BWHE) via nasogastric tube induces acute laminitis in horses. However, the processes responsible for the development of laminitis, including laminitis induced with BWHE, remain unclear. The results of recent studies indicate that administration of BWHE initiates an inflammatory response in the laminar(More)
It has been established that maternal leukocytes, conditioned by the mammary environment, cross the neonatal gut and circulate in the newborn calf. However, the impact of these cells on the development of neonatal immunity remains to be determined. This study examined the effects of maternal colostral leukocytes on development and maturation of neonatal(More)