Learn More
The relationship between reperfusion-induced arrhythmias and the size of the occluded zone was examined. The isolated perfuse rat heart was used because its negligible collateral flow maximizes susceptibility to arrhythmias and reduces variability. Ischemia lasting 10 min was followed by 10 min of reperfusion. A constant-pressure perfusion system (which(More)
The Lambeth Conventions are guidelines intended to be of practical value in the investigation of arrhythmias induced by ischaemia, infarction, and reperfusion. They cover the design and execution of experiments and the definition, classification, quantification, and analysis of arrhythmias. Investigators are encouraged to adopt the conventions in the hope(More)
The purpose of this study was to use a direct method, that of electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, to demonstrate that reperfusion after a period of ischemia results in a sudden increase in the production of free radicals in the myocardium. The isolated buffer-perfused rat heart was used with N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone (PBN) as a spin-trapping(More)
1. Owing to the considerable potential for manipulating the murine genome and, as a consequence, the increasing availability of genetically modified models of cardiovascular diseases, the mouse is fast becoming a cornerstone of animal research. However, progress in the use of various murine preparations is hampered by the lack of facilities and skills for(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a major lipid peroxidation product formed during oxidative stress. Because of its reactivity with nucleophilic compounds, particularly metabolites and proteins containing thiol groups, HNE is cytotoxic. The aim of this study was to assess the extent and time course for the formation of HNE-modified proteins during ischemia and(More)
The precise mechanism responsible for early contractile failure after the onset of myocardial anoxia or ischemia has attracted speculation and controversy. The simple and attractive hypothesis that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) deficiency is responsible for this failure has often been dismissed on the basis of claims that there is only a small reduction in(More)
OBJECTIVES Protein S-glutathiolation is a predicted mechanism by which protein thiol groups are oxidized during the oxidative stress of ischaemia and reperfusion. We measured protein S-thiolation during ischaemia and reperfusion and investigated the effect of this oxidative modification on the function of GAPDH. METHODS Glutathione was biotinylated(More)