Learn More
We examined the role of regulatory myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation of myosin II in cell migration of fibroblasts. Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) inhibition blocked MLC phosphorylation at the cell periphery, but not in the center. MLCK-inhibited cells did not assemble zyxin-containing adhesions at the periphery, but maintained focal adhesions in(More)
It is clear from several studies that myosin phosphatase (MP) can be inhibited via a pathway that involves RhoA. However, the mechanism of inhibition is not established. These studies were carried out to test the hypothesis that Rho-kinase (Rho-associated kinase) via phosphorylation of the myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) inhibited MP activity(More)
ROCK (Rho-kinase), an effector molecule of RhoA, phosphorylates the myosin binding subunit (MBS) of myosin phosphatase and inhibits the phosphatase activity. This inhibition increases phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) of myosin II, which is suggested to induce RhoA-mediated assembly of stress fibers and focal adhesions. ROCK is also known to(More)
The 20,000-dalton light chain of turkey gizzard myosin is phosphorylated at two sites. Dual phosphorylation is observed when both intact myosin and isolated light chains are used as substrates. Phosphorylation of the second site is not observed at higher ionic strength (e.g. 0.35 M KCl). The first phosphorylation site (serine 19) is phosphorylated(More)
Myosin phosphatase from smooth muscle consists of a catalytic subunit (PP1c) and two non-catalytic subunits, M130 and M20. Interactions among PP1c, M20, and various mutants of M130 were investigated. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, PP1c was shown to bind to the NH2-terminal sequence of M130, 1-511. Other interactions were detected, i.e. PP1c to PP1c, M20(More)
Myosin phosphatase-targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) binds to the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1C). This binding is believed to target PP1C to specific substrates including myosin II, thus controlling cellular contractility. Surprisingly, we found that during mitosis, mammalian MYPT1 binds to polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). MYPT1 is phosphorylated(More)
This review has presented some of the recent data on myosin phosphatase from smooth muscle. Although it is not conclusive, it is likely that most of the myosin phosphatase activity is represented by a holoenzyme composed of three subunits. These are: a catalytic subunit of 38 kDa of the type 1 phosphatase, probably the delta isoform (i.e. PP1c delta); a(More)
The isolation of an acidic protein, pI 4.5, that is abundant in turkey gizzard is described. Its apparent molecular weight measured by electrophoretic procedures is 24,000. This protein is phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase and one phosphorylation site is indicated. From sequence determinations of tryptic peptides(More)
Myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1), a subunit of myosin phosphatase, plays a pivotal role in the regulation of myosin phosphatase activity. Here we have cloned a novel isoform of MYPT1, termed MYPT2, from a human brain cDNA library screened with a cDNA fragment of rat MYPT1. Overlapping clones indicated an open reading frame of 3763 nucleotides and(More)
Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase) from chicken gizzard smooth muscle was purified to apparent homogeneity (160 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) and identified as the ROKalpha isoform. Several substrates were phosphorylated. Rates with myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1), myosin, and the 20-kDa myosin light chain were higher than other(More)