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Asthma is a pulmonary inflammatory disease dependent on eosinophil and mast cell infiltration into the lung. CD34 is a sialomucin expressed by both of these cell types, and we have used CD34(-/-) mice and a standard mouse model of asthma to evaluate the importance of CD34 expression on disease development. In comparison with wild-type (wt) mice, CD34(-/-)(More)
In this study, we compared hematopoietic stem cells and mast cells, using microarray expression analysis, and identified the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) as a potentially novel marker of mast cells. On further investigation, we found that PrP(C) is expressed on the surface of human and mouse mast cells, is rapidly released by mast cells upon activation,(More)
Autoantibodies against cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors inhibit normal immunity and are implicated in inflammatory autoimmune disease and diseases of immune deficiency. In an effort to evaluate serum from autoimmune and immunodeficient patients for Abs against cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in a high-throughput and unbiased manner, we(More)
SHIP1 inhibits immune receptor signaling through hydrolysis of the PI3K product phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate, forming phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate. In mast cells, SHIP1 represses FcepsilonRI- and cytokine-mediated activation in vitro, but little is known regarding the function of SHIP1 in mast cells in vivo or the susceptibility of(More)
INTRODUCTION Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation and fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. We sought to assess the clinical and molecular effects associated with response to intravenous abatacept in patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic. METHODS Adult diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a heterogeneous group of spontaneously arising and inherited red blood cell disorders ranging from very mild subclinical cases to severe and life-threatening cases, with symptoms linked directly to the severity of the mutation at the molecular level. We investigated a novel mouse model in which the heterozygotes(More)
INTRODUCTION Pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE) patients often initially present with more active and severe disease than adults, including a higher frequency of lupus nephritis. Specific autoantibodies, including anti-C1q, anti-DNA and anti-alpha-actinin, have been associated with kidney involvement in SLE, and DNA antibodies are capable of(More)
The mechanisms underlying development of ribonucleoprotein (RNP) autoantibodies are unclear. The U1-70K protein is the predominant target of RNP autoantibodies, and the RNA binding domain has been shown to be the immunodominant autoantigenic region of U1-70K, although the specific epitopes are not known. To precisely map U1-70K epitopes, we developed(More)
OBJECTIVE Type I interferon (IFN) signaling is a central pathogenic pathway in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and therapeutics targeting type I IFN signaling are in development. Multiple proteins with overlapping functions play a role in IFN signaling, but the signaling events downstream of receptor engagement are unclear. This study was undertaken to(More)
Here we describe the application of a highly multiplexed proteomic assay, called HIT (high-throughput immunophenotyping using transcription), to analyze human mast cell surface antigens at rest and during stimulation. HIT allows analysis of up to 100 analytes, including surface antigens and intracellular phosphoproteins, transcription factors, and(More)