David J. Garbary

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As the oldest extant lineages of land plants, bryophytes provide a living laboratory in which to evaluate morphological adaptations associated with early land existence. In this paper we examine reproductive and structural innovations in the gametophyte and sporophyte generations of hornworts, liverworts, mosses and basal pteridophytes. Reproductive(More)
Evaluating and understanding biodiversity in marine ecosystems are both necessary and challenging for conservation. This paper compiles and summarizes current knowledge of the diversity of marine taxa in Canada's three oceans while recognizing that this compilation is incomplete and will change in the future. That Canada has the longest coastline in the(More)
A cladistic analysis was carried out to resolve phylogenetic pattern among bryophytes and other land plants. The analysis used 22 taxa of land plants and 90 characters relating to male gametogenesis.Coleochaete orChara/Nitella were the outgroups in various analyses using HENNIG86, PAUP, and MacClade, and the land plant phylogeny was unchanged regardless of(More)
To evaluate the nutrient removal capabilities of two red macroalgae, apical blades were cultured in the lab for 4 weeks at either 6, 10, or 17°C and nitrate at either 30 or 300 μM, typical of the seasonal range of conditions at a land-based Atlantic halibut farm. Stocking density was 2.0 g L−1, irradiance 125 μmol photons m−2 s−1, photoperiod 16:8 (L:D),(More)
A rhizomatous growth form of Codium fragile is described for the first time. Plants were collected in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in estuaries dominated by Zostera marina. Rhizomatous plants developed from propagules of whole plants that settled horizontally. Horizontal axes of C. fragile were up to 1 m long in plants collected in situ. Plants developed(More)
Palmaria palmata and Chondrus crispus were grown for 4 weeks in 1-L flasks at 10 °C to evaluate nutrient uptake and their potential application as nutrient biofilters in effluent from finfish culture. For greatest bioremediation benefit within an integrated system, we conclude that a seaweed biofilter using these species should be placed prior to bacterial(More)
At maturity, spermatozoids of the green algaChara vulgaris are biflagellated, contain little cytoplasm, and coil for approximately 2 1/2 gyres within the mother cell wall. The anterior of the cell contains an ovoid headpiece anchoring two slightly staggered basal bodies that are positioned above and directly in front of approximately 30 linearly arranged(More)
The development of kelp gametophytes is described from field collections from the San Juan Islands, Washington from November, 1997 to March 1998. All gametophytes were endophytic in the cell walls of red algae, especially species with filamentous or polysiphonous construction. Gametophyte density ranged from a few to many hundreds of distinct individuals(More)
Rhodamine-phalloidin was used to label F-actin in unfixed cells of 13 species of filamentous and blade-forming red algae from the three families Ceramiaceae, Acrochaetiaceae and Bangiaceae. Labelling was achieved only after treatment with either beta-glucuronidase or a combination of cellulase and an extract of snail gut enzyme. Different species required(More)
Continuous exposure for 7–10 days to 60% of ambient levels (sea level at mid-day in December) of UV-A and UV-B radiation caused cytological damage to regenerating fragments of Griffithsia pacifica under laboratory conditions. There was high mortality of individual cells and entire fragments in UV treated filaments. Rhizoid initiation was slower and rhizoids(More)