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As the oldest extant lineages of land plants, bryophytes provide a living laboratory in which to evaluate morphological adaptations associated with early land existence. In this paper we examine reproductive and structural innovations in the gametophyte and sporophyte generations of hornworts, liverworts, mosses and basal pteridophytes. Reproductive(More)
A cladistic analysis was carried out to resolve phylogenetic pattern among bryophytes and other land plants. The analysis used 22 taxa of land plants and 90 characters relating to male gametogenesis.Coleochaete orChara/Nitella were the outgroups in various analyses using HENNIG86, PAUP, and MacClade, and the land plant phylogeny was unchanged regardless of(More)
Evaluating and understanding biodiversity in marine ecosystems are both necessary and challenging for conservation. This paper compiles and summarizes current knowledge of the diversity of marine taxa in Canada's three oceans while recognizing that this compilation is incomplete and will change in the future. That Canada has the longest coastline in the(More)
To evaluate the nutrient removal capabilities of two red macroalgae, apical blades were cultured in the lab for 4 weeks at either 6, 10, or 17°C and nitrate at either 30 or 300 μM, typical of the seasonal range of conditions at a land-based Atlantic halibut farm. Stocking density was 2.0 g L−1, irradiance 125 μmol photons m−2 s−1, photoperiod 16:8 (L:D),(More)
Rhodamine-phalloidin was used to label F-actin in unfixed cells of 13 species of filamentous and blade-forming red algae from the three families Ceramiaceae, Acrochaetiaceae and Bangiaceae. Labelling was achieved only after treatment with either beta-glucuronidase or a combination of cellulase and an extract of snail gut enzyme. Different species required(More)
The contrasting histories of the western and eastern shores of the North Atlantic Ocean provide an excellent opportunity to consider the implications of past events for present ecological processes and the functioning of marine ecosystems. Similarities and differences in assemblage composition have been driven by large-scale events, such as the trans-Arctic(More)
Four fluorescent brighteners (Fluorescent Brightener 28, Fluostain 1, Fluostain II and Cellufluor) were examined with respect to their binding affinity, toxicity (their ability to stunt growth), and teratogenic effects on the red alga Antithamnion kylinii. Maximum binding occurred with FB-28 and F-II but these stains showed the greatest inhibition of growth(More)
Palmaria palmata and Chondrus crispus were grown for 4 weeks in 1-L flasks at 10 °C to evaluate nutrient uptake and their potential application as nutrient biofilters in effluent from finfish culture. For greatest bioremediation benefit within an integrated system, we conclude that a seaweed biofilter using these species should be placed prior to bacterial(More)
An overview of the primary approaches to seaweed biogeography is provided in light of the development of vicariance biogeography. Each approach is discussed with particular regard to the extent to which the methods and objectives are compatible with vicariance. Ecological biogeography is considered an offshoot of ecology and physiology and is more(More)