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Calorie restriction extends lifespan and produces a metabolic profile desirable for treating diseases of ageing such as type 2 diabetes. SIRT1, an NAD+-dependent deacetylase, is a principal modulator of pathways downstream of calorie restriction that produce beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic SIRT1(More)
BACKGROUND Calorie restriction (CR) produces a number of health benefits and ameliorates diseases of aging such as type 2 diabetes. The components of the pathways downstream of CR may provide intervention points for developing therapeutics for treating diseases of aging. The NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 has been implicated as one of the key(More)
We previously established a stable expression system in MCF-7 cells for the detection of (anti)estrogenic activity by assaying the reporter enzyme activity of firefly luciferase. In this cell line (called MVLN), the bioluminescent response can be measured either in the cellular homogenate, or in intact living cells. Here we present various potential(More)
To study mechanisms involved in the antiestrogenic effect of retinoic acid (RA), previously described in mammalian cells, we used in vitro and in vivo approaches. One hypothesis was direct competition between nuclear receptors (ER, RAR and RXR) at the DNA level. We first showed in vitro that the RAR/RXR heterodimer could weakly bind an ERE and that retinoid(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) plays a role in integrin signaling-mediated extracellular matrix (ECM)-cell interactions and also acts as a scaffold protein in functional focal adhesion points. In the present study, we investigated the expression and roles of ILK in human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) in vivo and in vitro. Herein, we report that ILK and(More)
FRIGHT is a rule-based intelligent agent for playing the ghost team in the Ms. Pac-Man vs Ghosts Competition held at the 2012 IEEE Conference on Computational Intelligence and Games. FRIGHT uses rule sets with high-level abstractions of the game state and actions, and employs evolutionary computation to learn rule sets; a distributed homogenous-agent(More)
The peptides of the bombesin family are involved in stimulation of mitogenesis in various cell lines, including cancerous cell lines. Bombesin receptor antagonists are of great interest to inhibit this proliferation. We have synthesized a potent bombesin receptor antagonist, e.g., compound JMV641 [H-DPhe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-NH-*CH[CH2-CH(CH3)2]-**CHOH-(More)
Interactions between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and integrin receptors trigger structural and functional bonds between the cell microenvironment and the cytoskeleton. Such connections are essential for adhesion structure integrity and are key players in regulating transduction of specific intracellular signals, which in turn regulate the organization of(More)