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Calorie restriction extends lifespan and produces a metabolic profile desirable for treating diseases of ageing such as type 2 diabetes. SIRT1, an NAD+-dependent deacetylase, is a principal modulator of pathways downstream of calorie restriction that produce beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic SIRT1(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) produces a number of health benefits and ameliorates diseases of aging such as type 2 diabetes. The components of the pathways downstream of CR may provide intervention points for developing therapeutics for treating diseases of aging. The NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 has been implicated as one of the key downstream(More)
To investigate the mechanisms responsible for survival and apoptosis/anoikis in normal human intestinal epithelial crypt cells, we analyzed the roles of various signaling pathways and cell adhesion on the expression of six Bcl-2 homologs (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Mcl-1, Bax, Bak, Bad) in the well established HIEC-6 cell model. Pharmacological inhibitors and/or(More)
Collagen VI is a heterotrimer composed of three α chains (α1, α2, α3) widely expressed throughout various interstitial matrices. Collagen VI is also found near the basement membranes of many tissues where it serves as an anchoring meshwork. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and role of collagen VI at the epithelial-stromal interface(More)
We have shown previously that human intestinal epithelial cell survival and anoikis are distinctively regulated according to the state of differentiation. Here we analyzed the roles of protein kinase B/Akt isoforms in such differentiation state distinctions. Anoikis was induced in undifferentiated and differentiated enterocytes by inhibition of focal(More)
Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) plays a role in integrin signaling-mediated extracellular matrix (ECM)-cell interactions and also acts as a scaffold protein in functional focal adhesion points. In the present study, we investigated the expression and roles of ILK in human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) in vivo and in vitro. Herein, we report that ILK and(More)
The integrin beta4 subunit has been shown to be involved in various aspects of cancer progression. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the expression of beta4 in primary colon cancers and to investigate the occurrence of a previously identified intestinal nonfunctional variant of beta4 (beta4ctd-) for adhesion to laminin. Immunodetection of beta4(More)
A series of imidazo[1,2-b]thiazole derivatives is shown to activate the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1, a potential new therapeutic target to treat various metabolic disorders. This series of compounds was derived from a high throughput screening hit bearing an oxazolopyridine core. Water-solubilizing groups could be installed conveniently at either the(More)
FRIGHT is a rule-based intelligent agent for playing the ghost team in the Ms. Pac-Man vs Ghosts Competition held at the 2012 IEEE Conference on Computational Intelligence and Games. FRIGHT uses rule sets with high-level abstractions of the game state and actions, and employs evolutionary computation to learn rule sets; a distributed homogenous-agent(More)
Interactions between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and integrin receptors trigger structural and functional bonds between the cell microenvironment and the cytoskeleton. Such connections are essential for adhesion structure integrity and are key players in regulating transduction of specific intracellular signals, which in turn regulate the organization of(More)