David J. Fontana

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To study the pathogenesis of central nervous system abnormalities in Down syndrome (DS), we have analyzed a new genetic model of DS, the partial trisomy 16 (Ts65Dn) mouse. Ts65Dn mice have an extra copy of the distal aspect of mouse chromosome 16, a segment homologous to human chromosome 21 that contains much of the genetic material responsible for the DS(More)
The 5-HT2C receptor is one of three closely related receptor subtypes in the 5-HT2 receptor family. 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B selective antagonists have been described. However, no 5-HT2C selective antagonists have yet been disclosed. As part of an effort to further explore the function of 5-HT2C receptors, we have developed a selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist,(More)
The novel anti-epileptic drugs lamotrigine, felbamate and gabapentin were compared in rat experimental models of acute (tail flick) and chronic pain: the chronic constriction injury and spinal nerve ligation models. Lamotrigine (10-100 mg/kg, s.c.), felbamate (150-600 mg/kg, i.p.) and gabapentin (30-300 mg/kg, i.p.) each reversed cold allodynia (chronic(More)
1. The role of alpha2-adrenoceptor (AR) subtypes in the modulation of acute nociception, motor behaviour and body temperature, has been investigated by determining the activity of the alpha2AR selective agonist dexmedetomidine (Dex) in mice devoid of individual alpha2AR subtypes through either a point (alpha2A) or null (alpha2B/alpha2C) mutation(More)
UNLABELLED Interferon lambda 1 (IFN-lambda1) is a type III IFN that produces intracellular responses similar to those of IFN-alpha but in fewer cell types because of differences in the receptor distribution pattern, and this could potentially result in an improved safety profile. This was an open-label three-part study of patients with chronic hepatitis C(More)
Activation of central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT4) receptors may enhance cognitive performance. In the present study, the effects of two novel, potent and selective 5-HT4 receptor agonists, RS 67333 (1-(4-amino-5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-(1-n-burtl-4-piperidinyl)- 1-propanone) and RS 67506 (1-(4-amino-(More)
Although numerous animal procedures have been employed in the study of generalized anxiety and agents effective in treating generalized anxiety, an analogous “behavioral model” for the study of panic disorder does not exist. In the present study, the effects of imipramine were examined in a potential “animal model” for panic disorder, the conditioned(More)
The effects of acute pretest administration and chronic posttest administration of clonidine or the selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist UK-14,304 on conflict behavior were investigated. In daily 10-min sessions, water-deprived rats were trained to drink water from a tube that was occasionally electrified (0.25 mA); electrification was signaled by a tone.(More)
In the present studies we investigated the actions of ondansetron, a prototypic 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, on performance in a complex spatial navigation/memory task in rats. Specifically, we compared the activity of ondansetron to that of the cholinesterase inhibitor physostigmine in attenuating two distinct cognitive deficits in the(More)