David J. Field

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The Gestalt law of "good continuation" has been used to describe a variety of phenomena demonstrating the importance of continuity in human perception. In this study, we consider how continuity may be represented by a visual system that filters spatial data using arrays of cells selective for orientation and spatial frequency. Many structures (e.g. fractal(More)
Several theoretical, computational, and experimental studies suggest that neurons encode sensory information using a small number of active neurons at any given point in time. This strategy, referred to as 'sparse coding', could possibly confer several advantages. First, it allows for increased storage capacity in associative memories; second, it makes the(More)
T r e n d s i n C o g n i t i v e S c i e n c e s – V o l . 3 , N o . 1 2 , D e c e m b e r 1 9 9 9 Fueled by neurophysiological data showing that the visual system fundamentally consists of computing elements (neurons), the mainstream theories of sensory experience have, over the last 40 years, become increasingly structuralist. However, some researchers(More)
A number of researchers have suggested that in order to understand the response properties of cells in the visual pathway, we must consider the statistical structure of the natural environment. In this paper, we focus on one aspect of that structure, namely, the correlational structure which is described by the amplitude or power spectra of natural scenes.(More)
A wide variety of papers have reviewed what is known about the function of primary visual cortex. In this review, rather than stating what is known, we attempt to estimate how much is still unknown about V1 function. In particular, we identify five problems with the current view of V1 that stem largely from experimental and theoretical biases, in addition(More)
In order to transmit information in images efficiently, the visual system should be tuned to the statistical structure of the ensemble of images that it sees. Several authors have suggested that the ensemble of natural images exhibits fractal behavior and, therefore, has a power spectrum that drops off proportionally to 1/f beta (2 less than beta less than(More)
Paintings are the product of a process that begins with ordinary vision in the natural world and ends with manipulation of pigments on canvas. Because artists must produce images that can be seen by a visual system that is thought to take advantage of statistical regularities in natural scenes, artists are likely to replicate many of these regularities in(More)
We examine two competing explanations for the spatial localization deficit in human strabismic amblyopia, namely neural undersampling and uncalibrated neural disarray. An undersampling hypothesis would predict an associated deficit for contrast discrimination for which we find no evidence in strabismic amblyopia. A neural disarray hypothesis would predict(More)
"Contrast constancy" refers to the ability to perceive objects as maintaining a constant contrast independent of size or distance. When tested with high contrast sinusoidal gratings, contrast constancy has been shown to hold for a wide range of spatial frequencies, suggesting that sensitivity is constant across the spectrum at suprathreshold. In this study,(More)
We describe two experiments that investigate the roles of polarity and symmetry in the perceptual grouping of contour fragments. Observers viewed, for one second on each presentation, arrays of oriented, spatial-frequency band-pass, elements, in which a subset of the elements was aligned along a twisting curve. In each of five conditions we measured(More)