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The protein mediator MIF has been identified as being released from immune cells by glucocorticoid stimulation and to counter-regulate glucocorticoid action. MIF also has been described recently to exhibit dopachrome tautomerase activity and to be structurally homologous to the bacterial enzymes 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase (4-OT) and(More)
An emerging theme in cell signaling is that membrane-bound channels and receptors are organized into supramolecular signaling complexes for optimum function and cross-talk. In this study, we determined how protein kinase C (PKC) phosphorylation influences the scaffolding protein Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF) to assemble protein complexes(More)
Polymerization of the amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide into protease-resistant fibrils is a significant step in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. It has not been possible to obtain detailed structural information about this process with conventional techniques because the peptide has limited solubility and does not form crystals. In this work, we present(More)
We have previously shown that short peptides incorporating the sequence KLVFF can bind to the approximately 40amino acid residue Alzheimer amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) and disrupt amyloid fibril formation (Tjernberg, L. O., Näslund, J., Lindqvist, F., Johansson, J., Karlström, A. R., Thyberg, J., Terenius, L., and Nordstedt, C. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271,(More)
The pro-inflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is produced by immune and endocrine cells and inhibits the antiinflammatory activities of glucocorticoids. MIF also catalyzes the tautomerization of the non-naturally occurring D-isomer of dopachrome, phenylpyruvate, and certain catecholamines, suggesting that MIF might exert its(More)
The mammalian Na(+)/H(+) exchange regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) is a multidomain scaffolding protein essential for regulating the intracellular trafficking and macromolecular assembly of transmembrane ion channels and receptors. NHERF1 consists of tandem PDZ-1, PDZ-2 domains that interact with the cytoplasmic domains of membrane proteins and a C-terminal(More)
Long-range conformational changes in proteins are ubiquitous in biology for the transmission and amplification of signals; such conformational changes can be triggered by small-amplitude, nanosecond protein domain motion. Understanding how conformational changes are initiated requires the characterization of protein domain motion on these timescales and on(More)
The amyloid hypothesis suggests that the process of amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) fibrillogenesis is responsible for triggering a cascade of physiological events that contribute directly to the initiation and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Consequently, preventing this process might provide a viable therapeutic strategy for slowing and/or preventing the(More)
NHERF1 is a multidomain scaffolding protein that assembles signaling complexes, and regulates the cell surface expression and endocytic recycling of a variety of membrane proteins. The ability of the two PDZ domains in NHERF1 to assemble protein complexes is allosterically modulated by the membrane-cytoskeleton linker protein ezrin, whose binding site is(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of protein folding requires knowledge of both the energy landscape and the structural dynamics of a protein. We report a neutron-scattering study of the nanosecond and picosecond dynamics of native and the denatured alpha-lactalbumin. The quasielastic scattering intensity shows that there are alpha-helical structure and(More)