David J. E. Callaway

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The amyloid hypothesis suggests that the process of amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) fibrillogenesis is responsible for triggering a cascade of physiological events that contribute directly to the initiation and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Consequently, preventing this process might provide a viable therapeutic strategy for slowing and/or preventing the(More)
We have previously shown that short peptides incorporating the sequence KLVFF can bind to the ϳ40-amino acid residue Alzheimer amyloid ␤-peptide (A␤)). Molecular modeling suggests that association of the two homologous sequences leads to the formation of an atypical anti-parallel ␤-sheet structure stabilized primarily by interaction between the Lys, Leu,(More)
The amyloid plaque, consisting of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) fibrils surrounded by dystrophic neurites, is an invariable feature of Alzheimer's disease. The determination of the molecular structure of Abeta fibrils is a significant goal that may lead to the structure-based design of effective therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease. Technical challenges have(More)
One of the interesting puzzles of amyloid beta-peptide of Alzheimer's disease (Abeta) is that it appears to polymerize into amyloid fibrils in a parallel beta sheet topology, while smaller subsets of the peptide produce anti-parallel beta sheets. In order to target potential weak points of amyloid fibrils in a rational drug design effort, it would be(More)
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) is an adapter protein that is responsible for organizing a number of cell receptors and channels. NHERF contains two amino-terminal PDZ (postsynaptic density 95/disk-large/zonula occluden-1) domains that bind to the cytoplasmic domains of a number of membrane channels or receptors. The carboxyl terminus of(More)
We demonstrate herein that human macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a pro-inflammatory cytokine expressed in the brain and not previously considered to be amyloidogenic, forms amyloid fibrils similar to those derived from the disease associated amyloidogenic proteins beta-amyloid and alpha-synuclein. Acid denaturing conditions were found to(More)
Many cellular proteins are multi-domain proteins. Coupled domain–domain interactions in these multidomain proteins are important for the allosteric relay of signals in the cellular signaling networks. We have initiated the application of neutron spin echo spectroscopy to the study of nanoscale protein domain motions on submicrosecond time scales and on(More)
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