David J. Clark

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Evidence suggests that the nervous system controls motor tasks using a low-dimensional modular organization of muscle activation. However, it is not clear if such an organization applies to coordination of human walking, nor how nervous system injury may alter the organization of motor modules and their biomechanical outputs. We first tested the hypothesis(More)
Recent evidence suggests that performance of complex locomotor tasks such as walking may be accomplished using a simple underlying organization of co-active muscles, or "modules", which have been assumed to be structured to perform task-specific biomechanical functions. However, no study has explicitly tested whether the modules would actually produce the(More)
Numerous animal studies suggest that acute and chronic exposure to opioids can be associated with the development of hyperalgesia, i.e. an increased sensitivity to noxious stimuli. Hyperalgesia has been documented during withdrawal and on occasion while animals were still exposed to opioids. A pivotal role in the genesis of opioid-associated hyperalgesia(More)
Opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) is most broadly defined as a state of nociceptive sensitization caused by exposure to opioids. The state is characterized by a paradoxical response whereby a patient receiving opioids for the treatment of pain may actually become more sensitive to certain painful stimuli. The type of pain experienced may or may not be(More)
The mechanism by which nucleosome cores are displaced and re-formed during transcription in vitro has been investigated. A nucleosome core was assembled on a short linear DNA template (227 bp) containing an SP6 RNA polymerase promoter and a nucleosome-positioning sequence. Transcription induced the translocation of the nucleosome core over 75 or 80 bp to(More)
Studies have suggested that the nervous system may adopt a control scheme in which synergistic muscle groups are controlled by common excitation patters, or modules, to simplify the coordination of movement tasks such as walking. A recent computer modeling and simulation study of human walking using experimentally derived modules as the control inputs(More)
Yersinia pestis cells were grown in vitro at 26 and 37 degrees C, the ambient temperatures of its flea vector and its mammalian hosts, respectively, and subjected to subcellular fractionation. Abundance changes at 26 vs 37 degrees C were observed for many outer-membrane (OM) proteins. The cell adhesion protein Ail (y1324) and three putative small(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed based on three core features: impaired social interactions, deficits in communication and repetitive or restricted behavioral patterns. Against this backdrop, abnormal sensory processing receives little attention despite its prevalence and the impact it exerts on the core diagnostic features. Understanding the(More)
Headache is one of the most common complaints in patients with traumatic brain injury. By definition, headache that develops within 1 wk after head trauma (or within 1 wk after regaining consciousness) is referred to as posttraumatic headache (PTH). Although most PTH resolves within 6-12 mos after injury, approximately 18-33% of PTH persists beyond 1 yr. We(More)
We have studied the kinetics of transcription through a nucleosome core. RNA polymerase transcribes the first approximately 25 bp of nucleosomal DNA rapidly, but then hits a barrier and continues slowly to the nucleosomal dyad region. Here, the barrier disappears and the transcript is completed at a rapid rate, as if on free DNA, indicating that histone(More)