David J. Chavez

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Mouse uteri were examined during estrus, early pregnancy, the peri-implantation period, and delayed implantation to determine whether changes in the surface coat of the luminal epithelium could be associated with receptivity of the uterus to the presence of blastocyst-stage embryos or blastocyst adhesion. By using alkaline bismuth subnitrate to label(More)
Mouse blastocysts were recovered from the uterus during experimental delay of implantation and following reactivation by estradiol and progesterone. The blastocysts were exposed to 7 different ferritin-conjugated lectins and then processed for electron microscopy. Binding of the lectins to the surface of the trophoblast was assessed by visualization of the(More)
Mouse blastocysts were cultured in the presence and absence of a confluent uterine, luminal, epithelial monolayer in order to assess (10 comparative developmental abilities and (2) the existence and nature of embryo-uterine intercellular contacts. Embryonic development and mural trophoblast outgrowth were examined by light, transmission and scanning(More)
Incubation of peri-implantation mouse blastocysts in the presence of untreated human sera resulted in destruction of the blastocysts. Heating the serum resulted in deactivation of the non-specific toxic factor. Whereas heat-treated serum from women with normal obstetrical histories, and men, supported normal trophoblast attachment and outgrowth, sera from(More)
The molecular basis for the acquisition of adhesiveness between blastocysts and uterine luminal epithelium is an interesting problem in reproductive biology. It is rather difficult to study implantation-stage blastocysts of mice because during the implantation period each blastocyst becomes lodged within a crypt formed by decidualizing stroma. After(More)
CBA/J female mice have a high rate of spontaneous fetal loss when mated with DBA/2 males. We have confirmed that this fetal resorption rate can be significantly reduced by immunizing the female with C57BL rather than DBA leukocytes. The current studies have been extended to show the effect of continued immunization into second pregnancies. Three new(More)
This paper presents the results of a study conducted at NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) on the shock detonability of liquid hydrazine. Liquid hydrazine is the propellant used in the propulsion modules for Space Station Freedom. The focus of this study was to investigate the shock sensitivity of liquid hydrazine subjected to a hypervelocity projectile(More)
Various aspects of RNA, DNA and protein synthesis, as well as cellular fine structure, were examined in mouse embryos during the developmental diapause associated with delayed implantation, and during the reactivation of the embryo either by hormonal administration or by culture in vitro. The findings from these studies demonstrate that a cessation of DNA(More)
Trophectoderm of the preimplantation mouse blastocyst is composed of two cell subpopulations relative to their proximity to the inner cell mass. The polar trophectoderm overlying the inner cell mass proliferates to form the ectoplacental cone, and the mural trophectoderm endoreplicates and gives rise to giant cells. We examined specific differences in the(More)