David J. Carey

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This review will summarize our current state of knowledge of the structure, biochemical properties and functions of syndecans, a family of transmembrane heparan sulphate proteoglycans. Syndecans bind a variety of extracellular ligands via their covalently attached heparan sulphate chains. Syndecans have been proposed to play a role in a variety of cellular(More)
HB-GAM (heparin binding growth-associated molecule; pleiotrophin) is a secretory, extracellular matrix-associated protein that is strongly expressed in developing nervous tissues and belongs to a novel family of differentiation/growth factors. It promotes axonal growth from perinatal rat brain neurons and is suggested to be mitogenic for some cell types and(More)
The nodes of Ranvier are regularly spaced gaps between myelin sheaths that are markedly enriched in voltage-gated sodium channels and associated proteins. Myelinating glia play a key role in promoting node formation, although the requisite glial signals remain poorly understood. In this study, we have examined the expression of glial proteoglycans in the(More)
Recent reports on the dystrophic mouse mutant suggest that the prominent extracellular matrix component of peripheral nerve tissues plays an important role in peripheral nerve development. We have examined the disposition of two prominent extracellular matrix components, fibronectin and laminin, both in mature peripheral nerve in vivo and in an in vitro(More)
A cDNA clone coding for a membrane proteoglycan core protein was isolated from a neonatal rat Schwann cell cDNA library by screening with an oligonucleotide based on a conserved sequence in cDNAs coding for previously described proteoglycan core proteins. Primer extension and polymerase chain reaction amplification were used to obtain additional 5' protein(More)
OBJECTIVE Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation is a result of inflammation and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A inhibitors (statins), although clinically used as lipid-lowering agents, have also been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory effects. This study was(More)
Syndecan-3 is a member of a family of transmembrane proteoglycans that posses highly homologous cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains and function as extracellular matrix receptors and low-affinity receptors for signaling molecules such as basic fibroblasts growth factor (FGF-2). Syndecan-3 is transiently expressed in developing limb bud and absent in adult(More)
Laminins and collagens are extracellular matrix proteins that play essential roles in peripheral nervous system development. Laminin signals regulate Schwann cell proliferation and survival as well as actin cytoskeleton dynamics, which are essential steps for radial sorting and myelination of peripheral axons by Schwann cells. Collagen and their receptors(More)
We identified previously a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) releasable by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) on the surface of differentiated skeletal muscle cells (Campos et al., Eur. J. Biochem. 216, 587-595 (1993)) which is homologous to the HSPG synthesized by fibroblasts and Schwann(More)
We have obtained evidence that rat Schwann cells synthesize and secrete type IV procollagen. Metabolic labeling of primary cultures of Schwann cells plus neurons and analysis by SDS PAGE revealed the presence of a closely spaced pair of polypeptides in the medium of these cultures that (a) were susceptible to digestion by purified bacterial collagenase, (b)(More)