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Recent studies have identified primitive, malignant stem cells which have entered the G0-phase of the cell cycle to become 'quiescent' and which are present, in small numbers, in all chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients. These cells have attracted intense scrutiny because they are proving exceptionally refractory to attempts to kill them, in vitro,(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep hypoventilation has been proposed as a cause of progressive hypercapnic respiratory failure and death in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study was undertaken to determine the effects of nocturnal non-invasive bi-level pressure support ventilation (NIV) on survival, lung function and quality of life in(More)
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) can be considered as a paradigm for neoplasias that evolve through a multi-step process. CML is also one of the best examples of a disease that can be targeted by molecular therapy; however, the success of new 'designer drugs' is largely restricted to the chronic phase of the disease. If not cured at this stage, CML(More)
[1] Coral reefs are constructed of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3). Deposition of CaCO 3 (calcification) by corals and other reef organisms is controlled by the saturation state of CaCO 3 in seawater (W) and sea surface temperature (SST). Previous studies have neglected the effects of ocean warming in predicting future coral reef calcification rates. In this(More)
We examined the involvement of sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1), which governs the ceramide/sphingosine-1-phosphate balance, in susceptibility to imatinib of either sensitive or resistant chronic myeloid leukemia cells. Imatinib-sensitive LAMA84-s displayed marked SphK1 inhibition coupled with increased content of ceramide and decreased pro-survival(More)
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, an aerobic gram-negative coccobacillus, is a rare cause of community-acquired pneumonia. It most commonly causes nosocomial infections, particularly in elderly debilitated patients who have undergone surgery, instrumentation, and antibiotic therapy. In a study of acute pneumonia in adults, five cases of community-acquired(More)
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is caused by the product of the BCR-ABL oncogene, located on the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome. BCR-ABL is generated as a result of a reciprocal t(9;22) chromosomal translocation. The mechanisms responsible for this illegitimate recombination event remain elusive but are presumed to require a close spatial association of the(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) subjects with microalbuminuria have an increased long-term risk of overt cardiovascular disease; however, the early exposure to cardiovascular risk factors may increase their predisposition to current silent myocardial ischaemia. The frequency of silent myocardial ischaemia detected by stress echocardiography and(More)
BACKGROUND Untreated, obesity hypoventilation is associated with significant use of health care resources and high mortality. It remains unclear whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel ventilatory support (BVS) should be used as initial management. The aim of this study was to determine if one form of positive pressure is superior to(More)