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Protein antigenic determinants have been classified as continuous or discontinuous. The continuous determinants are composed of residues which are local in the polypeptide sequence, while discontinuous determinants consist of residues from different parts of the sequence, brought together by the folding of the protein to its native structure. Searches made(More)
Two databases have been constructed to facilitate applications of cheminformatics and molecular modeling to medicinal plants. The first contains data on known chemical constituents of 240 commonly used Chinese herbs, the other contains information on target specificities of bioactive plant compounds. Structures are available for all compounds. In the case(More)
Distribution patterns of 8411 compounds from 240 Chinese herbs were analyzed in relation to the herbal categories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), using Random Forest (RF) and self-organizing maps (SOM). RF was used first to construct TCM profiles of individual compounds, which describe their affinities for 28 major herbal categories, while(More)
Random Forest, a form of multiple decision trees, has been used to screen a database of Chinese herbal constituents for potential inhibitors against several therapeutically important molecular targets. These comprise cyclic adenosine 3'-5'-monophosphate phosphodiesterases, protein kinase A, cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, aldose reductase, and three HIV(More)
The alpha-helix defined in 1951 by Pauling et al. on the basis of model building and X-ray fibre diffraction data has 3.65 residues per turn (n) achieved with planar peptides, torsion angles of phi = -48 degrees and psi = -57 degrees and hydrogen bonds which are close to linear. Although X-ray analyses of proteins have confirmed the general correctness of(More)
Random Forest screening of the phytochemical constituents of 240 herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine identified a number of compounds as potential inhibitors of the human aromatase enzyme (CYP19). Molecular modelling/docking studies indicated that three of these compounds (myricetin, liquiritigenin and gossypetin) would be likely to form stable(More)
Understanding and controlling powder de-agglomeration is of great importance in the development of dry powder inhaler (DPI) products. Dry dispersion laser diffraction measures particle size readily under controlled dispersing conditions, but has not been exploited fully to characterise inherent powder dispersibility. The aim of the study was to utilise(More)
The star l Orionis is a spectroscopic visual quadruple system in which each visual component is a short-period spectroscopic binary. The visual orbit has a period of 18.644 yr, a high eccentricity of 0.7426, and a high inclination of 96=2. The visual primary consists of an Am star and probably a G or early K dwarf that orbit each other in a nearly circular(More)
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been developed to predict the clinical significance of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) for a set of 35 pharmaceutical drugs using data compiled from the Web-based resources, Lexi-comp® and Vidal®, with inputs furnished by various drug pharmacokinetic (PK) and/or pharmacodynamic (PD) properties, and/or drug-enzyme(More)