David J. Barlow

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The ability of intestinal mucosa to absorb dietary ferric iron is attributed to the presence of a brush-border membrane reductase activity that displays adaptive responses to iron status. We have isolated a complementary DNA, Dcytb (for duodenal cytochrome b), which encoded a putative plasma membrane di-heme protein in mouse duodenal mucosa. Dcytb shared(More)
A simple method of predicting residue solvent accessibilities in proteins is described, with the intention that it should be used as a baseline by which more sophisticated approaches to prediction can be judged. Comparison with existing methods of predicting residue burial reveals that their performance is often little better than that of the baseline(More)
Two databases have been constructed to facilitate applications of cheminformatics and molecular modeling to medicinal plants. The first contains data on known chemical constituents of 240 commonly used Chinese herbs, the other contains information on target specificities of bioactive plant compounds. Structures are available for all compounds. In the case(More)
The available databases that catalogue information on traditional Chinese medicines are reviewed in terms of their content and utility for in-silico research on Chinese herbal medicines, as too are the various protein database resources, and the software available for use in such studies. The software available for bioinformatics and 'omics studies of(More)
The apparent permeability coefficient (P(app)) of two fluorescently tagged model hydrophilic peptides, acXASNH(2) and acXAS(GAS)(7)NH(2), and (14)C-mannitol across monolayers of cultured rat alveolar epithelial cells of varying transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) has been examined. In line with their design features, the peptides were not degraded(More)
Random Forest screening of the phytochemical constituents of 240 herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine identified a number of compounds as potential inhibitors of the human aromatase enzyme (CYP19). Molecular modelling/docking studies indicated that three of these compounds (myricetin, liquiritigenin and gossypetin) would be likely to form stable(More)
Cationic peptide sequences, whether linear, branched, or dendritic, are widely used to condense and protect DNA in both polyplex and lipopolyplex gene delivery vectors. How these peptides behave within these particles and the consequences this has on transfection efficiency remain poorly understood. We have compared, in parallel, a complete series of(More)
Over the last 50 years or so, amphotericin has been widely employed in treating life-threatening systemic fungal infections. Its usefulness in the clinic, however, has always been circumscribed by its dose-limiting side-effects, and it is also now compromised by an increasing incidence of pathogen resistance. Combating these problems through development of(More)
The anti-cancer drug tamoxifen is a potent inhibitor of lipid peroxidation induced by Fe(III)-ascorbate in ox-brain phospholipid liposomes. Similar anti-oxidant effects, but with varying potencies, are also shown by 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen, cholesterol, ergosterol and 17-beta-oestradiol. We now describe a computer-graphic fitting technique that demonstrates a(More)
The iron regulated-transporter-1 (Ireg1, also known as ferroportin or metal transporter protein-1, MTP1) appears to be the sole member of the SLC40 transporter family. It functions as a universal efflux pathway for iron in a number of cell types. The protein is most highly expressed in mature enterocytes of the duodenum, in syncytiotrophoblasts, which(More)