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BACKGROUND Anticonvulsants taken in pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of malformations and developmental delay in the children. To evaluate the pattern of abnormalities associated with prenatal anticonvulsant exposure further, we undertook a clinical study of 57 children with fetal anticonvulsant syndromes. METHODS Fifty two children were(More)
Nuclear migration and positioning within cells are critical for many developmental processes and are governed by the cytoskeletal network. Although mechanisms of nuclear-cytoskeletal attachment are unclear, growing evidence links a novel family of nuclear envelope (NE) proteins that share a conserved C-terminal SUN (Sad1/UNC-84 homology) domain. Analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has emerged as an important metabolic regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism. The aims of the current study are to evaluate the role of FGF21 in energy metabolism and to provide mechanistic insights into its glucose and lipid-lowering effects in a high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO) model. RESEARCH DESIGN(More)
The gene encoding nuclear lamins A and C is mutated in at least three inherited disorders. Two of these, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD-AD) and a form of dilated cardiomyopathy (CMD1A), involve muscle defects, and the other, familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD), involves loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue. Mutations causing FPLD, in contrast to(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and frequency of autistic disorder or Asperger syndrome (AS; according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition [DSM-IV] criteria) in children exposed to anticonvulsant medication in utero. During a 20-year study period, 626 children were born in Aberdeen to mothers(More)
The lipodystrophies are a group of disorders characterized by the absence or reduction of subcutaneous adipose tissue. Partial lipodystrophy (PLD; MIM 151660) is an inherited condition in which a regional (trunk and limbs) loss of fat occurs during the peri-pubertal phase. Additionally, variable degrees of resistance to insulin action, together with a(More)
Prohormone convertase 1 (PC1) mutations lead to obesity in humans. However, Pc1 knockout mice do not become obese; in fact, they are runted due to a defect in growth-hormone releasing hormone processing, leading to the speculation that PC1 subserves different functions between mouse and human. Here, we report a novel allele of mouse Pc1 (N222D) that leads(More)
We investigate stationary spatially localized hexagon patterns of the two-dimensional (2D) Swift– Hohenberg equation in the parameter region where the trivial state and regular hexagon patterns are both stable. Using numerical continuation techniques, we trace out the existence regions of fully localized hexagon patches and of planar pulses which consist of(More)
Clinical features and histological findings in two sibs who died from restrictive dermopathy in the neonatal period are described. Fibroblasts cultured from a skin biopsy from the second sib and fibroblasts from normal neonatal skin were studied using monoclonal antibodies to visualise integrin subunits by immunocytochemistry. Restrictive dermopathy(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance develops in tandem with obesity. Ablating myostatin (Mstn) prevents obesity, so we investigated if Mstn deficiency could improve insulin sensitivity. A loss-of-function mutation (Mstn(Ln)) in either one or both alleles of the Mstn gene shows how Mstn deficiency protects whole-body insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)