David J. Atkinson

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The ability to use fMRI in a monkey model would bridge the gap between the fMRI demonstration of cerebral activation in humans and the cumulative wealth of monkey data on the functional organization of the brain from single electrode mapping, radioisotope and histology studies. We report a new technique for fMRI in an awake co-operative rhesus macaque(More)
We report a technique for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in an awake, co-operative, rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) in a conventional 1.5T clinical MR scanner, thus accomplishing the first direct comparison of activation in visual cortex between humans and non-human primates with fMRI. Activation was seen in multiple areas of striate and(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess gradient magnetic-field-induced acoustic noise levels associated with the use of echo planar imaging (EPI) and three-dimensional fast spin echo (3D-FSE) pulse sequences. Acoustic noise measurements were obtained from two different high field-strength MR systems (1.5 T, Siemens and General Electric Co.) under ambient(More)
A monoclonal antibody, Py, was produced by immunizing mice with a glycoprotein fraction isolated from 3-week-old rat hippocampus. Py antibodies gave strong immunocytochemical staining of the perikarya and dendrites of large neurons in many areas of the rat brain, including the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum, brain stem, and olfactory bulb.(More)
A relative weakness of the traditional spin-echo technique, and particularly of the newer "FAST" or "TURBO" spin-echo sequences, has been diminished conspicuousness of lesions affecting the peripheral cortical mantle or those located in the periventricular region. This is a consequence of partial volume effects and high cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) signal(More)
Tlie control of a doubly-fed induction machine (DFM) with aid without tlie use of a rotor position encoder is examined. First, a stator fliix linkage oriented control scheme for power and speed control, with a position encoder, shows the high performance control capabilities of this control arrangement and serves as foundation for the sensorless scheme. The(More)
To date, the intracerebral veins and venous sinuses have not been amenable to noninvasive study. We describe a magnetic resonance (MR) technique using "bolus tracking" for rapid imaging and measurement of cerebral venous flow. We specifically applied the technique to the superior sagittal sinus, but it can be used for evaluation of other cerebral venous(More)
Explants of Embryonic Day 18 (E18) rat entorhinal cortex were cocultured with Postnatal Day 6 mouse hippocampal slices to study CNS regeneration in vitro. The present report describes a double-labeling paradigm for quantitative analysis of the type of new growth seen in immature cultures. Entorhinal projection neurons in living static cocultures were(More)
The development of the gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA)-ergic system in the human cerebral cortex and cerebellum was studied in post mortem specimens, by estimating the activity of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) and the binding capacity for muscimol as markers of GABA-ergic nerve terminals and GABA receptors respectively. The age periods studied were as follows(More)