David J Ahern

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IgE production declines with age, and allergic symptoms tend to improve. Aging therefore represents an in vivo model to study IgE regulation. We compared IgE production in older (> or = 60 years old) and young (15 to 30 years old) nonatopic individuals. Addition of exogenous interleukin-4 (IL-4) to mononuclear cells from older and young subjects induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the role of the activating receptor NKG2D in arthritis. METHODS Levels of NKG2D and its ligands were determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial membrane tissue and in paw tissue from arthritic mice. Arthritis was induced in DBA/1(More)
The ligand for CD40 is expressed on activated T lymphocytes and delivers contact-dependent activation signals to B lymphocytes. The mechanisms regulating CD40 ligand gene expression are largely unknown. Optimal expression of CD40 ligand required activation of protein kinase C and a rise in intracellular calcium concentration. CD40 ligand expression was(More)
Immune responses in newborn lymphocytes show a defect in isotype switching from IgM to IgG and IgA. Immunoglobulin isotype switching in B lymphocytes requires a contact-dependent signal from T lymphocytes which is delivered by the ligand for the B cell surface antigen CD40. We investigated the capacity of newborn lymphocytes to express the CD40 ligand and(More)
Induction of IgE synthesis in human B cells requires two signals. The first signal is delivered by the cytokine IL-4. The second signal activates B cells and is delivered by T cells, EBV infection, or engagement of the B cell-specific Ag CD40. Hydrocortisone (HC) has recently been shown to synergize with IL-4 to induce IgE synthesis in CD5+ chronic(More)
We have investigated the role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in transmembrane signaling via the IgG receptors Fc gamma RI and Fc gamma RII in the human monocytic cell line THP-1. Fc gamma RI and Fc gamma RII were selectively engaged using the anti-Fc gamma RI mAb 197 (IgG2a) and the anti-Fc gamma RII mAb IV.3 (IgG2b). Addition to cells of mAb 197, but(More)
There is controversy as to whether deletional rearrangement occurs between the IgM and IgE switch regions (S mu and S epsilon, respectively) during switching to the IgE isotype. We have addressed the issue by stimulating normal human B cells, sorted for lack of expression of surface IgE, to produce IgE by infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the(More)
Thymic selection involves the interaction between developing thymocytes and the thymic microenvironment. CD40 is expressed on thymic epithelial cells and on bone marrow-derived antigen-presenting cells in the thymus. We have investigated the capacity of human thymocytes to express CD40 ligand. CD40 ligand was not detectable on resting immature(More)
We have examined transmembrane signaling events via the TCR/CD3 complex (TCR/CD3) at various stages of T cell development for evidence of developmental regulation. Engagement of TCR/CD3 induced defective activation of phospholipase C (PLC) in thymocytes relative to peripheral blood T lymphocytes. The defect in PLC activation via TCR/CD3 was restricted to(More)
Natural Killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system, originally described by their capacity to control tumour cells and eliminate virus-infected cells. However accumulating evidence suggests that NK cells can interact with various components of the immune system and play a critical role in autoimmune diseases by limiting or exacerbating(More)