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Changes in somatosensory input can remodel human cortical motor organization, yet the input characteristics that promote reorganization and their functional significance have not been explored. Here we show with transcranial magnetic stimulation that sensory-driven reorganization of human motor cortex is highly dependent upon the frequency, intensity, and(More)
Investigation of human ano-rectal physiology has concentrated largely on understanding the motor control of defecation and continence mechanisms. However, little is known of the physiology of ano-rectal sensation. There are important differences in the afferent innervation and sensory perception between the rectum and anal canal. This suggests that there(More)
The rectum has a unique physiological role as a sensory organ and differs in its afferent innervation from other gut organs that do not normally mediate conscious sensation. We compared the central processing of human esophageal, duodenal, and rectal sensation using cortical evoked potentials (CEP) in 10 healthy volunteers (age range 21-34 yr). Esophageal(More)
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome have heightened perception of gut sensation. The mechanisms responsible for this remain unknown, due to current poor knowledge of the central processing of gut sensation. Cortical evoked potentials (CEPs) have been recorded following both electrical rectal stimulation (ERS) and mechanical rectal stimulation (MRS).(More)
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