David Howat

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Epitope mapping shows that patients recovering from systemic infection with Candida albicans produce antibodies against both fungal-specific and conserved epitopes of the heat-shock protein (hsp) 90. In a mouse model of systemic candidosis, mortality was halved by prior administration of sera from two infected patients containing antibodies to hsp 90. One(More)
1. The novel tri-aryl ethane CDP840, is a potent and selective inhibitor of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE 4) extracted from tissues or recombinant PDE 4 isoforms expressed in yeast (IC50S: 4-45 nM). CDP840 is stereo-selective since its S enantiomer (CT 1731) is 10-50 times less active against all forms of PDE 4 tested while both enantiomers are(More)
BACKGROUND E-selectin is an endothelial cell specific adhesion molecule that is believed to play an important role in the early stages of leukocyte extravasation. OBJECTIVES Here we describe the construction and evaluation of an engineered human monoclonal antibody that blocks E-selectin function. RESULTS SPLAT-1 is an engineered human monoclonal(More)
The experimental model of inflammatory arthritis in the rabbit has been used to study the possible origin of the apparent synovial lining cell hyperplasia. A small amount of 3H-thymidine was injected into the joints and the fate of the labelled cells investigated by autoradiography. At times up to 24 h after the injection, most of the labelled cells(More)
Beta 2-integrins play a crucial role in the development of an inflammatory response. In ours study, Abs have been used to investigate the role of individual members of this family of adhesion molecules in both in vivo and in vitro assays. An Ab against rabbit LFA-1 effectively inhibited the adhesion of rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes to rabbit(More)
1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs although they also induce unwanted side effects due to the inhibition of the physiological effects regulated by prostaglandins. This has led to the search for new compounds with fewer side effects, such as the nitro-NSAIDs (NO-NSAIDs). Paracetamol is an(More)
We present the in vitro characterization of a novel phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor, CDP840 (R-[+]-4-[2-¿3-cyclopentyloxy-4-methoxyphenyl¿-2-phenylethyl]pyridine), which has shown efficacy in a phase II allergen challenge study in asthmatics without adverse effects. CDP840 potently inhibits PDE-4 isoenzymes (IC50 2-30 nM) without any effect on PDE-1, 2,(More)
Using disulphide cysteine-based inhibitors as lead structures, this communication describes our strategy for identifying more stable, potent antagonists of the alpha4beta1 integrin. These studies ultimately discovered potent, low molecular weight inhibitors based on D-thioproline-L-tyrosine.