Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) have been applied to many optimization problems successfully in recent years. The genetic algorithm (GAs) and evolutionary programming (EP) are two di!erent types of EAs. GAs use crossover as the primary search operator and mutation as a background operator, while EP uses mutation as the primary search operator and does not… (More)
and 7 anonymous attorneys for their valuable insights and suggestions. Abstract In recent years, many individuals have sought legal redress for harms caused by the loss or theft of their personal information. However, very little is known about the drivers, mechanics, and outcomes of these lawsuits, making it difficult to assess the effectiveness of… (More)
Recent research indicates machine computation and mathematical theory have proceeded hand in hand and have proved to be of great benefit to one another.
Mitochondrial transport is critical for maintenance of normal neuronal function. Here, we identify a novel mitochondria protein, hypoxia up-regulated mitochondrial movement regulator (HUMMR), which is expressed in neurons and is markedly induced by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1alpha). Interestingly, HUMMR interacts with Miro-1 and Miro-2,… (More)
A BS T R A C T. In our recent book, Privilege or Punish: Criminal Justice and the Challenge of Family Ties, we examined and critiqued a number of ways in which the criminal justice system uses family status to distribute benefits or burdens to defendants. In their essays, Professors Alafair Burke, Alice Ristroph, and Melissa Murray identify a series of… (More)