David Heftrig

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Objective. Trauma patients (TP) frequently develop an imbalanced immune response that often causes infectious postinjury complications. Monocytes show a diminished capability of both producing proinflammatory cytokines and antigen presentation after trauma. TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 recognize pathogens and subsequently activate monocytes. While there are(More)
OBJECTIVE Phagocytizing leukocytes (granulocytes and monocytes) play a fundamental role in immunological defense against pathogens and clearance of cellular debris after tissue injury due to trauma. According to the "two-hit hypothesis", phagocytes become primed due to/after trauma. Subsequently, a secondary stimulus may lead to their exaggerated response.(More)
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