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This study examines the ability of neurons to track temporally varying inputs, namely by investigating how the instantaneous firing rate of a neuron is modulated by a noisy input with a small sinusoidal component with frequency (f). Using numerical simulations of conductance-based neurons and analytical calculations of one-variable nonlinear(More)
Synchronization properties of fully connected networks of identical oscillatory neurons are studied, assuming purely excitatory interactions. We analyze their dependence on the time course of the synaptic interaction and on the response of the neurons to small depolarizations. Two types of responses are distinguished. In the first type, neurons always(More)
It is shown that very small time steps are required to reproduce correctly the synchronization properties of large networks of integrate-and-fire neurons when the differential system describing their dynamics is integrated with the standard Euler or second-order Runge-Kutta algorithms. The reason for that behavior is analyzed, and a simple improvement of(More)
Recent studies have shown that local cortical feedback can have an important effect on the response of neurons in primary visual cortex to the orientation of visual stimuli. In this work, we study the role of the cortical feedback in shaping the spatiotemporal patterns of activity in cortex. Two questions are addressed: one, what are the limitations on the(More)
Cortical fast-spiking (FS) interneurons display highly variable electrophysiological properties. Their spike responses to step currents occur almost immediately following the step onset or after a substantial delay, during which subthreshold oscillations are frequently observed. Their firing patterns include high-frequency tonic firing and rhythmic or(More)
We investigate theoretically the conditions for the emergence of synchronous activity in large networks, consisting of two populations of extensively connected neurons, one excitatory and one inhibitory. The neurons are modeled with quadratic integrate-and-fire dynamics, which provide a very good approximation for the subthreshold behavior of a large class(More)
Electrical synapses are ubiquitous in the mammalian CNS. Particularly in the neocortex, electrical synapses have been shown to connect low-threshold spiking (LTS) as well as fast spiking (FS) interneurons. Experiments have highlighted the roles of electrical synapses in the dynamics of neuronal networks. Here we investigate theoretically how intrinsic cell(More)
Networks with continuous set of attractors are considered to be a paradigmatic model for parametric working memory (WM), but require fine tuning of connections and are thus structurally unstable. Here we analyzed the network with ring attractor, where connections are not perfectly tuned and the activity state therefore drifts in the absence of the(More)
Population rate models provide powerful tools for investigating the principles that underlie the cooperative function of large neuronal systems. However, biophysical interpretations of these models have been ambiguous. Hence, their applicability to real neuronal systems and their experimental validation have been severely limited. In this work, we show that(More)