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The aim of this work was to investigate whether the Penh index, measured using whole body barometric plethysmography, can be used as a screening parameter to evaluate the airway reactivity and the intensity of the pulmonary response to endotoxins. Penh was firstly recorded in non-sedated freely moving piglets exposed (1) to a nebulized acetylcholine (Ach)(More)
Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium verticillioides and F. proliferatum that commonly occurs in maize. In swine, consumption of contaminated feed induces liver damage and pulmonary edema. Pasteurella multocida is a secondary pathogen, which can generate a respiratory disorder in predisposed pigs. In this study, we examined the effect(More)
The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of tachykinins in cough induced by citric acid (0.8 M) in pigs. With this object, we have studied the effect of citric acid on substance P content in the tracheo-bronchial tree and the effects of substance P and of tachykinin receptor antagonists on citric acid-induced cough. Citric acid exposure(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of particle number, total surface area, mass and surface chemical groups in (K(f,c)) changes. The lung effects of four different fine (110 nm) and ultrafine (24 nm) polystyrene particles have been tested in an isolated perfused rabbit lung model. Pulmonary microvascular permeability (K(f,c)) modifications(More)
The aims of this study were (1) to correlate cough and body temperature (BT) with the severity of bronchopneumonia in pigs, (2) to determine whether these clinical signs can be used to early diagnose bronchopneumonia and (3) to assess the predictive values of cough and BT regarding lung lesions. Bronchopneumonia was induced by administering E. coli(More)
This study aimed to investigate whether Escherichia coli endotoxin (LPS) may predispose the lung to an infection with Pasteurella multocida type A (Pma) and to determine the LPS concentration needed to reproduce clinical signs of bronchopneumonia. Twenty-four hours before inoculating Pma or sterile growth medium, piglets were tracheally instilled with 10,(More)
More objective and automated detection of respiratory diseases in pig houses should be possible by on-line sound analysis of cough monitoring. To develop automatic algorithms for pig cough recognition, experiments and well-labeled cough data are needed. The objectives of this article are: (1) to give a short overview of the attained results in cough(More)
Three groups of five pigs were inoculated intratracheally with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides, and 24 hours later with 10 x 10(9) colony-forming units of a non-toxigenic strain of Pasteurella multocida type A; a fourth group was left uninoculated as controls. The three inoculated groups received either no treatment (positive controls), or were treated(More)
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