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We use analyses of phylogeographic population structure across a suite of 12 mammalian, avian, amphibian, and reptilian species and species-groups to assess the role of Late Miocene to Pleistocene geological history in the evolution of a distinct Baja California Peninsular Desert biota. Comparative examination of phylogroup distributions provides support(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of 699 bp of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) COIII and 450 bp of the cytochrome b genes among 14 species of coarse-haired pocket mice (Heteromyidae: Chaetodipus) corroborated previous indications that genetic divergence between species and species groups within the genus is generally very high, suggesting old times of divergence, and(More)
Phylogeographic relationships among 26 populations from throughout the geographic range of the Peromyscus eremicus species group are described based on sequence data for a 699-bp fragment of the mitochondrial DNA COIII gene. Distance, maximum-likelihood, and maximum-parsimony analyses of phylogenetic trees generated under four separate character-weighting(More)
The genetic consequences of climate-driven range fluctuation during the Pleistocene have been well studied for temperate species, but cold-adapted (e.g., alpine, arctic) species that may have responded uniquely to past climatic events have received less attention. In particular, we have no a priori expectation for long-term evolutionary consequences of(More)
Isolation and introgression in the Intermountain West: contrasting gene genealogies reveal the complex biogeographic history of the American pika (Ochotona princeps) ABSTRACT Aim We studied the history of colonization, diversification and introgression among major phylogroups in the American pika, Ochotona princeps (Lagomorpha), using comparative and(More)
The census transform is becoming increasingly popular in the context of optic flow computation in image sequences. Since it is invariant under monotonically increasing grey value transformations, it forms the basis of an illumination-robust constancy assumption. However , its underlying mathematical concepts have not been studied so far. The goal of our(More)
Invariances are one of the key concepts to render computer vision algorithms robust against severe illumination changes. However, there is no free lunch: With any invariance comes an unavoidable loss of information. The goal of our paper is to introduce two novel descriptors which minimise this loss: the complete rank transform and the complete census(More)
Genetic variation among populations of chewing lice (Geomydoecus actuosi) was examined in relation to chromosomal and electrophoretic variation among populations of their hosts (Thomomys bottae) at a contact zone. Louse demes were characterized by low levels of genetic heterozygosity (H̄ = 0.039) that may result from founder effects during primary(More)
The life-history traits of pocket gophers and their chewing lice suggest that there is little opportunity for transmission of parasites among pocket gophers, with the exception of transmission from mother to offspring. Herein, we test the hypothesis that lice are transmitted maternally by using an indirect approach that compares the distribution of louse(More)
The assessment of endothelial function in hypertensive patients receiving acetylcholine has revealed conflicting results. Whether an impaired flow response to acetylcholine is explained solely by a diminished endothelial synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) remains unclear as yet. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that mechanisms other than reduced(More)