David H. van Thiel

Learn More
Sex hormones have been shown to influence the development and course of several liver diseases. The worldwide predominance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in males has led to the suggestion that this disease might be hormone-responsive. Therefore, the hepatic estrogen (ER) and androgen receptor (AR) status of liver specimens from such patients was(More)
To assess whether or not liver transplantation and subsequent immunosuppression with cyclosporine and prednisone affect ulcerative colitis symptomatology, we surveyed by questionnaire all 23 surviving patients with pretransplant colonoscopy-documented ulcerative colitis who were transplanted for primary sclerosing cholangitis between June 1982 and September(More)
Complete inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis can be a lethal complication in a liver transplant recipient. The case of a 52-year-old liver transplant recipient, who developed complete IVC as well as left iliofemoral thrombosis, is reported. After treatment with combined tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and heparin, the IVC was successfully recanalized(More)
Three different approaches to hepatic abscesses due toEntamoeba histolytica were compared in 51 patients. The three modes of therapy utilized were: medical therapy with nitroimidazoles(N=11 patients), open surgical drainage (N=9 patients), and percutaneous drainage using ultrasound guidance followed by intralesional nitroimidazole administration (N=31(More)
Metoclopramide tablets have been approved for use in the acute and chronic management of diabetic gastroparesis. Its efficacy as an antiemetic has been well documented. We measured the acute and chronic effects of oral metoclopramide on gastric liquid emptying in 12 diabetic patients with symptoms of stasis using scintiscanning techniques. We found that(More)
A prospective multicenter trial was performed to evaluate the use of external shockwave lithotripsy (ESL) and adjuvant medical therapy for the treatment of gallstones. A Medstone STS lithotripter was used together with ursodiol. Two hundred twenty-three patients were treated under general anesthesia (75%) or with intravenous analgesia (25%). Initial(More)
Evaluation of the biliary tract by percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) is often required in liver transplant patients with an abnormal postoperative course. Indications for PTC include failure of liver enzyme levels to return to normal postoperatively, an elevation of serum bilirubin or liver enzyme levels, suspected bile leak, biliary(More)
The prevalence of symptomatic duodenal ulcer (DU) assessed primarily in alcoholic males with cirrhosis is estimated to be approximately fivefold increased compared to the normal population. Little information is available, however, as to the prevalence of DU in nonbleeding, nonalcoholic subjects with cirrhosis. In order to estimate the prevalence of DU in(More)
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage is one of the more important complications of cirrhosis and a major cause of death in such patients. The main sites of bleeding are esophageal varices, gastritis, and peptic ulcers. In order to determine the prevalence of either potential bleeding lesions or of other endoscopic findings in hemodynamically stable individuals(More)
Herpes simplex hepatitis (HSH) occurring in pregnant women must be differentiated from acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) and the HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver function tests, and low platelets), two diseases which are relatively more common hepatic disorders unique to pregnancy (1). All three, however, are relatively unusual. In contrast to(More)