David H Westendorf

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Successive durations of binocular rivalry are sequentially independent, random variables. To explore the underlying control process, we perturbed the cycle during a 30-sec viewing period by immediately forcing an eye to return to dominance whenever it became suppressed. During this period of forced dominance, that eye's individual dominance durations were(More)
To answer the question 'what is suppressed during binocular rivalry?" a series of three experiments was performed. In the first experiment observers viewed binocular rivalry between orthogonally oriented patterns. When the dominant and suppressed patterns were interchanged between the eyes observers continued seeing with the dominant eye, indicating that an(More)
Individuals with small animal and blood-injection-injury (BII) phobias respond to phobia-relevant stimuli with both fear and disgust. However, recent studies suggest that fear is the dominant emotional response in animal phobics whereas disgust is the primary emotional response in BII phobics. The present study examined emotional responding toward pictures(More)
Grating acuity, the ability to resolve high-contrast square-wave gratings, was measured in a falcon and in humans under comparable conditions. This behavioral test of falcon acuity supports the common belief that Falconiformès have superb vision-the faclon's threshold was 160 cycles per degree, while the human thresholds were 60 cycles per degree. Falcon(More)
In a series of psychophysical experiments, observers discriminated between briefly flashed stimuli (cosine gratings, cosine plaids) that were either identical to the two eyes (dioptic) or differed between the two eyes (dichoptic). Although dioptic and dichoptic binocular stimuli were perceptually similar, they were distinguishable well above chance at(More)
Reaction time was used to gauge the sensitivity of an eye during its dominant and suppressed phases of binocular rivalry. During dominance, performance was uniformly good in detecting both stimuli that were spatially identical to the suppressed stimulus and those that were different in spatial frequency. When suppressed eyes were tested, performance was(More)
Binocular and monocular reaction times were measured in response to an abrupt increment in the standing contrast of a grating. For near threshold contrast increments the advantage of binocular over monocular viewing was substantial when the standing contrast was low, but this advantage was reduced at higher standing contrasts. With high contrast increments(More)
Two experiments examine use of an evaluative conditioning (EC) paradigm in the acquisition of fear and disgust responding to neutral facial expressions. In Experiment 1, 60 participants were randomly assigned to one of three evaluative learning conditions in which neutral facial expressions were paired with fearsome, disgusting, or neutral pictures. No(More)