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G0, a GTP-binding protein that transduces information from transmembrane receptors, has been found to be a major component of the neuronal growth cone membrane. GAP-43, an intracellular growth cone protein closely associated with neuronal growth, stimulates GTP-gamma-S binding to G0. It does so through an amino-terminal domain homologous to G-linked(More)
GAP-43 is a neuronal protein that is believed to be important to neuronal growth and nerve terminal plasticity. It is enriched on the inner surface of growth cone membranes, a localization that may depend upon palmitoylation of Cys3 and Cys4. It is a major substrate for protein kinase C, which phosphorylates Ser41. Isolated GAP-43 can bind to actin and to(More)
Replacement of the solvent-exposed residues of the DNA recognition helix of the 434 repressor with the corresponding residues of the P22 repressor generates a hybrid protein, 434R[alpha 3(P22R)], which binds specifically to P22 operators. We show here that a new DNA-binding specificity is generated by combining 434 and 434R[alpha 3(P22R)] repressor monomers(More)
G protein-coupled membrane receptors activate G proteins by enhancing guanine nucleotide exchange. G0 is a major component of the growing regions (growth cones) of neurons. GAP-43 is a neuronal protein associated with the cytosolic face of the growth cone plasma membrane and stimulates binding of guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate (GTP gamma S) to Go(More)
The addition of palmitate to cysteine residues enhances the hydrophobicity of proteins, and consequently their membrane association. Here we have investigated whether this type of fatty acylation also regulates protein-protein interactions. GAP-43 is a neuronal protein that increases guanine nucleotide exchange by heterotrimeric G proteins. Two cysteine(More)
The neuronal growth cone plays a crucial role in forming the complex brain architecture achieved during development, and similar nerve terminal mechanisms may operate to modify synaptic structure during adulthood. The growth cone leads the elongating axon towards appropriate synaptic targets by altering motility in response to a variety of extracellular(More)
Some chemoreceptors of the trace amine-associated receptor (TAAR) family detect innately aversive odors and are proposed to activate hardwired olfactory circuits. However, the wiring of TAAR neurons, the regulatory mechanisms of Taar gene choice, and the subcellular localization of TAAR proteins remain unknown. Here, we reveal similarities between neurons(More)
Human IFN-alpha 1 and IFN-alpha 2 differ in 28 of 166 amino acids and show very different specific antiviral activities on human and murine cells. We have identified, by hybrid scanning and site-directed mutagenesis, three residues in IFN-alpha 2, in positions 121, 125 and 132 which, when replaced individually or jointly by their IFN-alpha 1 counterparts,(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins, composed of G alpha and G betagamma subunits, transmit signals from cell surface receptors to cellular effector enzymes and ion channels. The G alpha(o) protein is the most abundant G alpha subtype in the nervous system, but it is also found in the heart. Its function is not completely known, although it is required for regulation(More)
The mode of production of the brown pigments of Bacillus subtilis 168 L-4, pigments frequently used as phenotypic markers for sporulation in this organism, has been studied. A defined liquid medium which promoted maximal pigment formation was developed. Five brown components, which could be resolved by thin-layer chromatography, were produced in the culture(More)