David H. Thomas

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BACKGROUND Elementary Ca2+ signals, such as 'Ca2+ puffs', that arise from the activation of clusters of inositol 1 ,4,5,-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors are the building blocks for local and global Ca2+ signalling. We previously found that one, or a few, Ca2+ puff sites within agonist-stimulated cells act as 'pacemakers' to initiate global Ca2+ waves. The(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a critical regulator of angiogenesis during development, but little is known about the factors that control its expression. We provide the first example of tissue specific loss of VEGF expression as a result of targeting a single gene, Cbfa1/Runx2. During endochondral bone formation, invasion of blood vessels(More)
The delta-toxin of Staphylococcus aureus has been investigated in terms of its potential to form ion channels in planar lipid bilayers formed at the tip of patch electrodes. Channel formation has been shown to occur for delta-toxin concentrations in the range 0.1 to 2.0 microM. In 0.5 M KCl, two major classes of channels were seen--'small' with conductances(More)
MDM2 and MDMX are the primary negative regulators of p53, which under normal conditions maintain low intracellular levels of p53 by targeting it to the proteasome for rapid degradation and inhibiting its transcriptional activity. Both MDM2 and MDMX function as powerful oncogenes and are commonly over-expressed in some cancers, including sarcoma (~20%) and(More)
To report on a novel technique for providing artifact-free quantitative four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) image datasets for breathing motion modeling. Commercial clinical 4DCT methods have difficulty managing irregular breathing. The resulting images contain motion-induced artifacts that can distort structures and inaccurately characterize(More)
Viral infections represent significant morbidity and mortality factors in kidney transplant recipients, with CMV, EBV, and BKV infections being most common. Desensitization (DES) with IVIg and rituximab with/without plasma exchange followed by kidney transplantation with alemtuzumab induction increased successful transplant rates in HLA-sensitized patients(More)
The article aims to determine if a prospective acquisition algorithm can be used to find the ideal set of free-breathing phases for fast-helical model-based 4D-CT. A retrospective five-patient dataset that consisted of 25 repeated free breathing CT scans per patient was used. The sum of the square root amplitude difference between all the breathing phases(More)
Microbubbles are used in medical ultrasound imaging as contrast agents to image the vascular bed under the mode of Ultrasound Contrast Imaging (UCI). The microbubble shell determines the acoustic response and hence the signal that is utilized to form the images in UCI. Single microbubble signals from BiSphere™ (POINT Biomedical, San Carlos, CA, USA)(More)
PURPOSE To develop a technique that measures the accuracy of breathing motion model based 4DCT images by comparing the CT images used to generate the model with images reconstructed using the model at the same breathing phases. METHODS A novel 4DCT technique is employed that employs free-breathing fast helical CT images and a simultaneous breathing(More)
Prostate adenocarcinoma is the second most frequent cancer worldwide and is one of the leading causes of male cancer-related deaths. However, it varies greatly in its behaviour, from indolent non-progressive disease to metastatic cancers with high associated mortality. The aim of this study was to identify predictive biomarkers for patients with localised(More)
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