Learn More
CONTEXT Autosomal dominant inactivating sprouty-related EVH1 domain-containing protein 1 (SPRED1) mutations have recently been described in individuals presenting mainly with café au lait macules (CALMs), axillary freckling, and macrocephaly. The extent of the clinical spectrum of this new disorder needs further delineation. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a severe developmental disorder of the central nervous system characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication, and range of interests and behaviors. The syndrome's prevalence is estimated to be as high as 1 in 150 American children yet its etiology remains largely unknown. Examination of observed(More)
Toriello-Carey syndrome (TCS; OMIM 217980) is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by the common manifestations of corpus callosum agenesis, cardiac defects, cleft palate/Robin sequence, hypotonia, mental retardation, postnatal growth retardation and distinctive facial dysmorphology (including micrognathia, telecanthus, small nose and full(More)
BACKGROUND Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder of the central nervous system of largely unknown aetiology. The prevalence of the syndrome underscores the need for biological markers and a clearer understanding of pathogenesis. For these reasons, a genetic study of idiopathic ASD was undertaken. METHODS AND RESULTS Array based(More)
Since the identification of LRP5 as the causative gene for the osteoporosis pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG) as well as the high bone mass (HBM) phenotype, LRP5 and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling have been extensively studied for their role in the differentiation and proliferation of osteoblasts, in the apoptosis of osteoblasts and osteocytes and in the response(More)
VACTERL association is an acronym made of associated defects including vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, cardiac, tracheal-esophageal fistula, and renal/radial limb anomalies. Tracheal bronchus is a condition characterized by ectopic location of the right upper lobe bronchus at the mid to distal trachea. This condition is associated with congenital(More)
BACKGROUND Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is caused by del(17)(p11.2), including the retinoic acid induced 1 gene (RAI1), or mutation of RAI1. Haploinsufficiency of RAI1 results in developmental delay, mental retardation, sleep disturbance, self-abusive behaviors, and most features commonly seen in SMS. In this study, 52 subjects were referred for molecular(More)
Cleidocranial Dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder characterized by hypoplastic or absent clavicles, increased head circumference, large fontanels, dental anomalies, and short stature. Hand malformations are also common. Mutations in RUNX2 cause CCD, but are not identified in all CCD patients. In this study we screened 135 unrelated(More)
The Corresponding Author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, an exclusive licence (or non-exclusive for government employees) on a worldwide basis to the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and its Licensees to permit this article to be published in Journal of Medical Genetics editions and any other BMJPGL products(More)
X-linked hydrocephalus with aqueductal stenosis (HSAS) is caused by mutation or deletion of the L1 cell adhesion molecule gene (L1CAM) at Xq28. Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) can arise as a consequence of resultant hypothalamic dysfunction from hydrocephalus and must be distinguished from nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) by exogenous vasopressin(More)