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The role of cytochrome b(559) in photosynthetic oxygen evolution has been investigated in three chloroplast mutants of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, in which one of the two histidine axial ligands to the heme, provided by the alpha subunit, has been replaced by the residues methionine, tyrosine, and glutamine. Photosystem two complexes functional for oxygen… (More)
Photosystem II (PSII) contains two accessory chlorophylls (Chl(Z), ligated to D1-His118, and Chl(D), ligated to D2-His117), carotenoid (Car), and heme (cytochrome b(559)) cofactors that function as alternate electron donors under conditions in which the primary electron-donation pathway from the O(2)-evolving complex to P680(+) is inhibited. The… (More)
Ten patients with bilateral nanophthalmos underwent sclerectomies for uveal effusion. Ultrastructural examination of the sclera revealed abnormal collagen in seven patients. Four showed dramatic fraying of the collagen fibrils into fine filaments 2 to 3 nm in diameter. In three of these cases and three other cases without fraying, there were foci of 10- to… (More)
A trapped or isolated 4th ventricle presents as a posterior fossa mass lesion. It occurs in patients with prior lateral ventricular shunting and is diagnosed by computed tomographic scan. Two unusual cases are reported here.