David H. Sherr

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Receptor crosslinking of T-cell hybridomas induces cell activation followed by apoptosis. This activation-induced cell death requires de novo synthesis of RNA and proteins, but the actual gene products that provide the death signal have not been identified. We show here that receptor crosslinking induces Fas ligand and upregulates Fas, and that the ensuing(More)
Type 4 cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase (PDE4) inhibitors and other agents that raise intracellular cAMP levels induce apoptosis in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) but not in T-CLL or peripheral blood T cells. Two principal effector proteins for cAMP are protein kinase A (PKA) and EPAC (exchange protein directly activated(More)
BACKGROUND Despite an overall decrease in incidence of and mortality from cancer, about 40% of Americans will be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetime, and around 20% will die of it. Current approaches to test carcinogenic chemicals adopt the 2-year rodent bioassay, which is costly and time-consuming. As a result, fewer than 2% of the chemicals on(More)
Treatment of WEHI 231 immature B-lymphoma cells with an antibody against their surface immunoglobulin (anti-Ig) induces apoptosis and has been studied extensively as a model of B-cell tolerance. Anti-Ig treatment of exponentially growing WEHI 231 cells results in an early transient increase in c-myc expression that is followed by a decline to below basal(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) binds to environmental toxicants including synthetic halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons and is involved in a diverse array of biological processes. Recently, the AHR was shown to control host immunity by affecting the balance between inflammatory T cells that produce IL-17 (Th17) and IL-22 versus regulatory T cells (Treg)(More)
It has been shown in several systems that the manifestation of antigen-specific immune suppression involves the interactions of suppressor T cell subsets (1-8). In some instances, these interactions depend on the recognition of unique idiotypic determinants present on lymphoid cells (6, 9-12), or regulatory molecules derived from these cells (13-15). Thus,(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow stromal cells produce cytokines required for the normal growth and development of all eight hematopoietic cell lineages. Aberrant cytokine production by stromal cells contributes to blood cell dyscrasias. Consequently, factors that alter stromal cell cytokine production may significantly compromise the development of normal blood(More)
The ability of suppressor cells induced by the intravenous administration of 4-hydro-3-nitrophenyl acetyl (NP)-modified syngeneic cells to reduce an idiotypic B cell response was studied in both an in vivo and an in vitro system. Idiotype-positive B cells were assayed by the ability of guinea pig anti-idiotypic antiserum to specifically inhibit(More)
A helper cell population with phenotypic characteristics of both B and T cells is described. This helper population, called BH, is present in normal unprimed C57BL/6 mice and preferentially helps the expression of NPb idiotype-bearing plaque-forming B cells in the absence of T helper cells. Its surface phenotype is Lyt-1.2+, Ig+, Lyb-3+, Thy-1.2-, Lyt-2.2-.(More)