David H. Sherr

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Receptor crosslinking of T-cell hybridomas induces cell activation followed by apoptosis. This activation-induced cell death requires de novo synthesis of RNA and proteins, but the actual gene products that provide the death signal have not been identified. We show here that receptor crosslinking induces Fas ligand and upregulates Fas, and that the ensuing(More)
BACKGROUND Despite an overall decrease in incidence of and mortality from cancer, about 40% of Americans will be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetime, and around 20% will die of it. Current approaches to test carcinogenic chemicals adopt the 2-year rodent bioassay, which is costly and time-consuming. As a result, fewer than 2% of the chemicals on(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) binds to environmental toxicants including synthetic halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons and is involved in a diverse array of biological processes. Recently, the AHR was shown to control host immunity by affecting the balance between inflammatory T cells that produce IL-17 (Th17) and IL-22 versus regulatory T cells (Treg)(More)
It has been shown in several systems that the manifestation of antigen-specific immune suppression involves the interactions of suppressor T cell subsets (1-8). In some instances, these interactions depend on the recognition of unique idiotypic determinants present on lymphoid cells (6, 9-12), or regulatory molecules derived from these cells (13-15). Thus,(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow stromal cells produce cytokines required for the normal growth and development of all eight hematopoietic cell lineages. Aberrant cytokine production by stromal cells contributes to blood cell dyscrasias. Consequently, factors that alter stromal cell cytokine production may significantly compromise the development of normal blood(More)
The ability of suppressor cells induced by the intravenous administration of 4-hydro-3-nitrophenyl acetyl (NP)-modified syngeneic cells to reduce an idiotypic B cell response was studied in both an in vivo and an in vitro system. Idiotype-positive B cells were assayed by the ability of guinea pig anti-idiotypic antiserum to specifically inhibit(More)
The fine specificity of anti-idiotypic, effector-phase suppressor T cells (Ts2) induced by the intravenous injection of syngeneic spleen cells covalently coupled with the 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl acetyl (NP) hapten was studied in an in vitro plaque-forming cell system. By comparing the ability of these suppressor cells to bind monoclonal anti-NP antibodies(More)
A helper cell population with phenotypic characteristics of both B and T cells is described. This helper population, called BH, is present in normal unprimed C57BL/6 mice and preferentially helps the expression of NPb idiotype-bearing plaque-forming B cells in the absence of T helper cells. Its surface phenotype is Lyt-1.2+, Ig+, Lyb-3+, Thy-1.2-, Lyt-2.2-.(More)
Cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1), a drug-metabolizing extrahepatic enzyme, was recently shown to be overexpressed in multiple types of cancer. Such tumor-associated genes may be useful targets for anticancer therapy, particularly cancer immunotherapeutics. We identified HLA-A*0201-binding peptides and a naturally processed and presented T-cell epitope capable(More)