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A subset of lumen proteins is transported across the thylakoid membrane by a Sec-independent translocase that recognizes a twin-arginine motif in the targeting signal. A related system operates in bacteria, apparently for the export of redox cofactor-containing proteins. In this report we describe a key feature of this system, the ability to transport(More)
The assembly of the photosynthetic apparatus requires the import of numerous cytosolically synthesised proteins and their correct targeting into or across the thylakoid membrane. Biochemical and genetic studies have revealed the operation of several targeting pathways for these proteins, some of which are used for thylakoid lumen proteins whereas others are(More)
Previous studies have shown that proteins are transported across the chloroplast thylakoid membrane by two very different mechanisms, one of which requires stromal factors and ATP, whereas the other mechanism is ATP independent but completely reliant on the thylakoidal delta pH. We have examined the role of the delta pH in the latter mechanism by(More)
PURPOSE To review the results of our initial experience with endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with respect to morbidity and mortality and to compare these outcomes with those of transabdominal repair. METHODS We reviewed the first 50 consecutive endovascular AAA repairs performed at our institution from November 1999 to January 2002.(More)
BACKGROUND Management options for symptomatic and infected walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) have evolved over the past decade from open surgical necrosectomy to more minimally invasive approaches. We reported the use of a combined percutaneous and endoscopic approach (dual modality drainage [DMD]) for the treatment of symptomatic and infected WOPN,(More)
BACKGROUND Severe acute pancreatitis is often complicated by organized necrosis, which can lead to abscess formation and clinical deterioration. We sought to devise a combined endoscopic and percutaneous approach to drainage of organized pancreatic necrosis, with the primary goal of preventing the formation of chronic pancreaticocutaneous fistulae, and(More)
The naturally occurring polyphenolic biopolymer SP-303 has in vitro activity against both HSV-1 and HSV-2, including strains that are resistant to acyclovir. Nine AIDS patients with acyclovir-unresponsive mucocutaneous herpes simplex virus infection were treated with thrice daily topical SP-303T ointment in an open-label pilot study. Although a transient(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN), a complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), can become infected, obstruct adjacent structures, and result in clinical deterioration of patients. Patients with WOPN have prolonged hospitalizations, needing multiple radiologic and medical interventions. We compared an established treatment of(More)
Two distinct mechanisms have been previously identified for the transport of proteins across the chloroplast thylakoid membrane, one of which is unusual in that neither soluble factors nor ATP are required; the system requires only the transthylakoidal delta pH. We have examined this mechanism by studying the properties of one of its substrates: the(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We investigated the potential of manganese (III) mesoporphyrin (Mn-mesoporphyrin) as a hepatobiliary contrast agent for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in rabbits given VX-2 carcinoma liver implants. METHODS Rabbits given VX-2 carcinoma liver implants (n = 8) were imaged before and after the intravenous (i.v.) administration of(More)