Learn More
We report seasonal variation in steroid hormone levels in blood samples from free-ranging Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox), and the relationship between these hormones and events in the reproductive cycle. At a field site in the Sonoran Desert of south-central Arizona, we collected monthly blood samples over the course of two active(More)
The Puerto Rican direct-developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui (Leptodactylidae) displays a novel mode of jaw muscle development for anuran amphibians. Unlike metamorphosing species, several larval-specific features never form in E. coqui; embryonic muscle primordia initially assume an abbreviated, mid-metamorphic configuration that is soon remodelled to(More)
Plasma steroid-binding globulins, for example, corticosteroid-binding globulin and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), have been identified in a number of vertebrates. One possible function of these proteins is to regulate the amount of steroid delivery to target tissues, as only free steroids are believed to diffuse from the circulation to target cells.(More)
Certain bivalent cations, particularly Mg(++) and Mn(++), can be absorbed by yeast cells, provided that glucose is available, and that phosphate is also absorbed. The cation absorption is stimulated by potassium in low concentrations, but inhibited by higher concentrations. From the time course studies, it is apparent that the absorption rather than the(More)
Direct development is a widespread, alternative life history in Recent amphibians. There is no free-living, aquatic larva; adult features form in the embryo and are present at hatching. The mechanistic bases of direct development remain relatively unexplored. The current study describes the embryonic ontogeny of the thyroid gland in the direct-developing(More)
Synopsis. The primitive, or ancestral reproductive mode for Recent am? phibians involves a complex, biphasic life history. Yet evolutionarily derived, alternate modes are seen in all three living orders and predominate in some clades. Analysis of the consequences and mechanistic bases of one such mode?direct development?can provide insights into the(More)
The potential of mitotane (ortho, para'-DDD, commonly used to treat adrenal carcinomas in humans and dogs) was investigated as an alternative to surgical adrenalectomy in birds, salamanders, and lizards. House sparrows (Passer domesticus) were injected twice daily with vehicle or one of two doses of mitotane (225 or 450 mg/kg), and basal and stress-induced(More)
We investigated maternal-fetal hormone transfer in the mountain spiny lizard, Sceloporus jarrovi, a viviparous species with a simple chorioallantoic placenta. In one experiment, we examined the effect of elevated maternal progesterone on fetal and yolk hormone levels. Progesterone implants increased maternal progesterone nearly 100-fold; however, the(More)
During development, sex steroids are important in establishing differences between males and females. However, sex steroids also are involved in the development and maintenance of individual differences in morphology and behavior within each sex. As adults, male tree lizards (Urosaurus ornatus) exhibit alternative reproductive tactics correlated with dewlap(More)