David H. Hubel

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What chiefly distinguishes cerebral cortex from other parts of the central nervous system is the great diversity of its cell types and interconnexions. It would be astonishing if such a structure did not profoundly modify the response patterns of fibres coming into it. In the cat's visual cortex, the receptive field arrangements of single cells suggest that(More)
1. The striate cortex was studied in lightly anaesthetized macaque and spider monkeys by recording extracellularly from single units and stimulating the retinas with spots or patterns of light. Most cells can be categorized as simple, complex, or hypercomplex, with response properties very similar to those previously described in the cat. On the average,(More)
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Staining for the mitochondrial enzyme cytochrome oxidase reveals an array of dense regions (blobs) in the primate primary visual cortex. They are most obvious in the upper layers, 2 and 3, but can also be seen in layers 4B, 5, and 6, in register with the blobs in layers 2 and 3. We compared cells inside and outside blobs in macaque and squirrel monkeys,(More)
Anatomical and physiological observations in monkeys indicate that the primate visual system consists of several separate and independent subdivisions that analyze different aspects of the same retinal image: cells in cortical visual areas 1 and 2 and higher visual areas are segregated into three interdigitating subdivisions that differ in their selectivity(More)
To UNDERSTAND VISION in physiological terms represents a formidable problem for the biologist. I t am0 unts to learning how the nervous system handles incoming messages so that form, color, movement, and depth can be perceived and interpreted. One approach, perhaps the most direct, is to stimulate the retina with patterns of light while recording from(More)
This paper is concerned with the relationship between orientation columns, ocular-dominance columns, the topographic mapping of visual fields onto cortex, and receptive-field size and scatter. Although the orientation columns are an order of magnitude smaller than the ocular-dominance columns, the horizontal distance corresponding to a complete cycle of(More)
1. Kittens were visually deprived by suturing the lids of the right eye for various periods of time at different ages. Recordings were subsequently made from the striate cortex, and responses from the two eyes compared. As previously reported, monocular eye closure during the first few months of life causes a sharp decline in the number of cells that can be(More)