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N-type calcium channels are omega-conotoxin (omega-CgTx)-sensitive, voltage-dependent ion channels involved in the control of neurotransmitter release from neurons. Multiple subtypes of voltage-dependent calcium channel complexes exist, and it is the alpha 1 subunit of the complex that forms the pore through which calcium enters the cell. The primary(More)
The primary structures of human neuronal alpha 1, alpha 2, and beta subunits of a voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel were deduced by characterizing cDNAs. The alpha 1 subunit (alpha 1D) directs the recombinant expression of a dihydropyridine-sensitive L-type Ca2+ channel when coexpressed with the beta (beta 2) and the alpha 2 (alpha 2b) subunits in Xenopus(More)
Hereditary Vitamin D Resistant Rickets (HVDRR) is a rare disease caused by mutations in the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The consequence of defective VDR is the inability to absorb calcium normally in the intestine. This leads to a constellation of metabolic abnormalities including hypocalcemia, secondary hyperparathyroidism and hypophosphatemia that cause the(More)
The human ovarian carcinoma cell line, NIH:OVCAR-3, possesses high affinity receptors for interleukin-1 (IL-1). Binding experiments with 125I-IL-1 alpha indicate a dissociation constant of approximately 55 pM and the presence of approximately 7800 receptors/cell. These receptors bind both IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta and internalize IL-1. Proliferation is(More)
Evidence from epidemiological, molecular, and genetic studies suggests a role for vitamin D in the development and/or progression of prostate cancer. In experimental models and clinical trials, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] was shown to exert antiproliferative, prodifferentiating, and antimetastatic/invasive effects on prostatic epithelial cells.(More)
Specific, high-affinity cytosolic receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 have been demonstrated in five human cancer cell lines. The cell lines were derived from tumors of breast, lung, cervix, and melanotic and amelanotic melanomas. Binding affinity (Kd) of the receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 were all approximately 0.2 nM, and receptor content(More)
Calcitriol exhibits antiproliferative and pro-differentiation effects in prostate cancer. Our goal is to further define the mechanisms underlying these actions. We studied established human prostate cancer cell lines and primary prostatic epithelial cells and showed that calcitriol regulated the expression of genes involved in the metabolism of(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] exerts anti-proliferative, differentiating and apoptotic effects on prostatic cells. These activities, in addition to epidemiologic findings that link Vitamin D to prostate cancer risk, support the use of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) for prevention or therapy of prostate cancer. The molecular mechanisms by which(More)
Isolated hepatocytes, harvested from normal rat livers by portal vein collagenase perfusion, can be attached to collagen-coated dextran microcarriers and transplanted by intraperitoneal injection into rats. Survival and function of the transplanted hepatocytes have been demonstrated in mutant rats lacking bilirubin-uridine diphosphate(More)
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men in the United States. Developing new treatment strategies is critical to improving the health of men. This article will be a general review of the field with a focus on research from our laboratory. Our research has focused on four areas in which we have pursued the possible use of(More)