David H. Evans

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The fish gill is a multipurpose organ that, in addition to providing for aquatic gas exchange, plays dominant roles in osmotic and ionic regulation, acid-base regulation, and excretion of nitrogenous wastes. Thus, despite the fact that all fish groups have functional kidneys, the gill epithelium is the site of many processes that are mediated by renal(More)
Myxomatosis in European rabbits is a severely debilitating disease characterized by profound systemic cellular immunosuppression and a high rate of mortality. The causative agent, myxoma virus, is a member of the poxvirus family and prototype of the Leporipoxvirus genus. As a major step toward defining the genetic strategies by which the virus circumvents(More)
In the 1930s, August Krogh, Homer Smith, and Ancel Keys knew that teleost fishes were hyperosmotic to fresh water and hyposmotic to seawater, and, therefore, they were potentially salt depleted and dehydrated, respectively. Their seminal studies demonstrated that freshwater teleosts extract NaCl from the environment, while marine teleosts ingest seawater,(More)
Chronic cough is a common condition that presents to both primary and secondary care. Assessment and management are hampered by the absence of well-validated outcome measures. The present study comprises the validation of the Leicester Cough Monitor (LCM), an automated sound-based ambulatory cough monitor. Cough frequency was measured with the LCM and(More)
Cough is a common symptom of many respiratory diseases. The evaluation of its intensity and frequency of occurrence could provide valuable clinical information in the assessment of patients with chronic cough. In this paper we propose the use of hidden Markov models (HMMs) to automatically detect cough sounds from continuous ambulatory recordings. The(More)
Changes in Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity and abundance associated with environmental salinity were investigated in the gills and rectal gland of the Atlantic stingray Dasyatis sabina. Using a ouabain-specific ATPase assay and western blotting, we found that stingrays from fresh water had the highest activity and highest relative abundance of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase(More)
The goals of this study were to (1) measure plasma osmolytes and rectal gland weights of a freshwater (FW) Atlantic stingray (Dasyatis sabina) population in the St. Johns River, Florida, and (2) determine how these parameters change after acclimation to seawater (SW). We hypothesized that the FW D. sabina may show physiological divergence from marine D.(More)
EFSUMB study group M. Claudon1, D. Cosgrove2, T. Albrecht3, L. Bolondi4, M. Bosio5, F. Calliada6, J.-M. Correas7, K. Darge8, C. Dietrich9, M. D'Onofrio10, D. H. Evans11, C. Filice12, L. Greiner13, K. Jäger14, N. de. Jong15, E. Leen16, R. Lencioni17, D. Lindsell18, A. Martegani19, S. Meairs20, C. Nolsøe21, F. Piscaglia22, P. Ricci23, G. Seidel24, B.(More)
The gill epithelium is the site of gas exchange, ionic regulation, acid-base balance, and nitrogenous waste excretion by fishes. The last three processes are controlled by passive and active transport of various solutes across the epithelium. Various environmental pollutants (e.g., heavy metals, acid rain, and organic xenobiotics) have been found to affect(More)