David H. Eidelman

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Excessive airway obstruction is the cause of symptoms and abnormal lung function in asthma. As airway smooth muscle (ASM) is the effecter controlling airway calibre, it is suspected that dysfunction of ASM contributes to the pathophysiology of asthma. However, the precise role of ASM in the series of events leading to asthmatic symptoms is not clear. It is(More)
We used a modified adult lung explant technique to directly measure the area of individual airways before and after methacholine (MCh) administration. Lungs were removed from 12-wk-old male Lewis rats under sterile conditions, filled with an agarose-containing solution at 37 degrees C, and cooled to 4 degrees C. Transverse slices (0.5-1.0 mm thick) were cut(More)
Mitochondrial diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders in which it has been suggested that genetic defects in oxidative phosphorylation lead to specific alterations in exercise performance and lactate metabolism during exercise. To investigate this possibility, we evaluated pulmonary function tests, incremental exercise testing, and serial blood(More)
BACKGROUND Corticosteroid insensitivity in asthmatics is associated with an increased expression of glucocorticoid receptor-beta (GR-beta) in many cell types. T-helper type 17 (Th17) cytokine (IL-17A and F) expressions increase in mild and in difficult-to-treat asthma. We hypothesize that IL-17A and F cytokines alone or in combination, induce the expression(More)
IL-13 is a mediator of allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether eotaxin and IL-5 were implicated in the effects of IL-13 on allergen-induced AHR or whether IL-13 may exert its effects through direct actions on airway smooth muscle (ASM). To study this question airway inflammation and AHR were induced(More)
The apical surface of respiratory epithelial cells is covered by a thin layer of low-viscosity fluid termed airway surface fluid (ASF), about which relatively little is known. We collected samples of ASF from anesthetized rats, which were then analyzed using capillary electrophoresis, a method that enables extremely small quantities of fluid to be analyzed.(More)
Decreased endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)-derived NO bioavailability and impaired vasomotor control are crucial factors in cardiovascular disease pathogenesis. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 1 (HHT1) is a vascular disorder associated with ENDOGLIN (ENG) haploinsufficiency and characterized by venous dilatations, focal loss of capillaries, and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive and irreversible chronic inflammatory disease of the lung. The nature of the immune reaction in COPD raises the possibility that IL-17 and related cytokines may contribute to this disorder. This study analyzed the expression of IL-17A and IL-17F as well as the phenotype of cells(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic asthma is characterized by airway inflammation in response to antigen exposure, leading to airway remodeling and lung dysfunction. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may play a role in airway remodeling through the acquisition of a mesenchymal phenotype in airway epithelial cells. TGF-β1 is known to promote EMT; however, other(More)