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Pupillary response to noxious stimulation was investigated in men (n = 11) and women (n = 9). Subjects experienced repeated trials of noxious electrical fingertip stimulation at four intensities, ranging from faint to barely tolerable pain. Measures included pupil dilation response (PDR), pain report (PR), and brain evoked potentials (EPs). The PDR began at(More)
This study evaluated the discriminant validity of subjects differentially scaling the sensory and affective dimensions of pain. It sought to determine (1) whether subjects can differentially scale sensory and affective aspects of phasic laboratory pain in the absence of task demand bias that fosters apparent differential scaling; (2) whether(More)
Investigating dose-dependent effects of placebo analgesia (PA) in laboratory subjects undergoing pain testing, we evaluated 2 hypotheses: (1) greater expectancy for relief produces greater PA, and (2) cued expectancy for relief triggered by a predictive cue leads to more enhanced analgesia than does passive expectancy (no predictive cue). We used(More)
The defense response theory implies that individuals should respond to increasing levels of painful stimulation with correlated increases in affectively mediated psychophysiological responses. This paper employs structural equation modeling to infer the latent processes responsible for correlated growth in the pain report, evoked potential amplitudes, pupil(More)
The validity of the pain report is vitally important but difficult to assess because pain is a personal experience. Human laboratory research affords an opportunity to investigate validity because one can measure the consistency and sensitivity of pain ratings produced in response to known stimuli. This article presents 2 levels of evidence characterizing(More)
Partial volume effects with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), if uncorrected, can lead to underestimation of metabolite concentrations in quantitative proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) of the brain. A rapid method for the correction of CSF partial volume effects is described based on selective CSF imaging using long echo time (TE) fast spin(More)
UNLABELLED Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder characterized by generalized pain, chronic fatigue, sleep disturbance, and a range of other symptoms having no definitive pathology. Consequently, patient evaluations rely on self-report. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) allows frequent real-time collection of self-report(More)
OBJECTIVES We propose a theoretical framework for the behavioral modulation of pain based on constructivism, positing that task engagement, such as listening for errors in a musical passage, can establish a construction of reality that effectively replaces pain as a competing construction. Graded engagement produces graded reductions in pain as indicated by(More)
UNLABELLED Engaged attention, including music listening, has shown mixed results when used as a method for reducing pain. Applying the framework of constructivism, we extend the concept of engagement beyond attention/distraction to include all cognitive and emotional/motivational processes that may be recruited in order to construct an alternative(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of psychiatric illness on length of stay and patterns of admission among AIDS patients hospitalized for medical illnesses. Medical records were abstracted for AIDS patients admitted to hospitals in Washington State from 1990 through 1992. Psychiatric comorbidity was defined by the presence of an(More)