David Gruenenfelder

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The prevalence of female stress urinary incontinence is high, and young adults are also affected, including athletes, especially those involved in “high-impact” sports. To date there have been almost no studies testing pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activity during dynamic functional whole body movements. The aim of this study was the description and reliability(More)
CONTEXT In the 1990s, US welfare reform legislation imposed a 5-year lifetime limit on financial support for low-income families with young children (younger than 18 years). With increasing numbers of single mothers and their children reaching the end of their welfare eligibility, there is concern about potentially high rates of untreated psychiatric and(More)
  • Charlene Burkett-Sims, Indiana Family, +9 authors Ruth Gordner
  • 1998
H ow will we judge whether welfare reform has been a success? When taxpayers, the federal government and state policymakers say they want to see “results” from the new welfare programs, what do they mean? The answers to these questions are critical because definitions of success can determine current and future policy. If the measures chosen are too narrow(More)
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