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UNLABELLED We hypothesized that ZA treatment would bolster fracture repair. In a rat model for closed fracture healing, a single dose of ZA at 0, 1, or 2 wk after fracture significantly increased BMC and strength of the healed fracture. Delaying the dose (1 or 2 wk after fracture) displayed superior results compared with dosing at the time of fracture. (More)
UNLABELLED Bone repair involves both anabolic and catabolic responses. We hypothesized that anabolic treatment with OP-1 (BMP-7) and anti-catabolic treatment with zoledronic acid could be synergistic. In a rat critical defect, this combination therapy produced significant increases in new bone volume and strength. INTRODUCTION When used to augment bone(More)
Fracture healing is a complex event that involves the coordination of a variety of different processes. Repair is typically characterized by four overlapping stages: the initial inflammatory response, soft callus formation, hard callus formation, initial bony union and bone remodeling. However, repair can also be seen to represent a juxtaposition of two(More)
A review of 71 epiphysiodeses with adequate orthoroentgenographic and skeletal-age data was carried out to compare the accuracy of predicting outcome among the methods of Anderson and Green, Menelaus, and Moseley. Differing the methodology did not have a meaningful effect on their similar but limited accuracy. We advocate the use of the Menelaus method,(More)
Intermittent Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)((1-34)) has an established place in osteoporosis treatment, but also shows promising results in models of bone repair. Previous studies have been dominated by closed fracture models, where union is certain. One of the major clinical needs for anabolic therapies is the treatment of open and high energy fractures at risk(More)
BACKGROUND Bone repair is dependent on the presence of osteocompetent progenitors that are able to differentiate and generate new bone. Muscle is found in close association with orthopaedic injury, however its capacity to make a cellular contribution to bone repair remains ambiguous. We hypothesized that myogenic cells of the MyoD-lineage are able to(More)
BACKGROUND Tibialis anterior tendon transfer surgery forms a part of Ponseti management for children with congenital talipes equinovarus who, after initial correction, present with residual dynamic supination. Although retrospective studies support good outcomes, prospective longitudinal studies in this population are lacking. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic condition caused by mutations in the NF1 gene. Patients often suffer from tissue-specific lesions associated with local double-inactivation of NF1. In this study, we generated a novel fracture model to investigate the mechanism underlying congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) associated with NF1. We(More)
Synthetic graft materials are emerging as a viable alternative to autogenous bone graft and bone allograft for the treatment of critical-sized bone defects. These materials can be osteoconductive but are rarely intrinsically osteogenic, although this can be greatly enhanced by the application of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). This review will discuss(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder that is associated with a variety of manifestations, including orthopedic complications such as scoliosis and tibial pseudarthrosis. Orthopedic management of these skeletal complications is rendered more challenging due to a lack of standardized adjunctive pharmacotherapies. NF1 leads to(More)